Perception of Faces, Objects and Scenes

Perception of Faces, Objects and Scenes : Analytic and Holistic Processes

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Description

We readily and effortlessly recognize the faces of our friends and the objects around us, but these cannot be simple tasks for our visual systems. Faces are all extremely similar as visual patterns. We see objects from different viewpoints and in different arrangements. How do our visual systems solve these problems? The contributors to this volume attempt to answer this question by considering how analytic and holistic processes contribute to the perception of faces, objects, and scenes. The primacy of parts versus that of wholes has been debated for a century, beginning with the structuralists, who championed the role of elements, and the Gestalt psychologists, who argued that the whole is different from the sum of its parts. This is the first volume to focus on the current state of the debate as it exists in the field of visual perception by bringing together the views of the leading researchers, including James Tanaka, Ken Nakayama, Michael Tarr, John Hummel, Marlene Behrmann, Daniel Simons, John Henderson, and Andrew Hollingworth. These contributors address questions such as whether analytic and holistic processes contribute differently to the perception of faces and objects, whether different mechanisms code holistic and analytic information, and whether a single universal system can be sufficient for visual-information processing. The chapters in this volume provide a snapshot of the current thinking on how the processing of wholes and parts contributes to our remarkable ability to recognize faces, objects, and scenes, and illustrate the diverse conceptions of analytic and holistic processing that currently coexist within one research area and across research areas, and the variety of approaches brought to bear on the issues.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 393 pages
  • 154.9 x 246.4 x 27.9mm | 725.76g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • numerous halftones, line drawings and 4pp full colour plates plates
  • 0195165381
  • 9780195165388

Table of contents

Introduction: Analytic and holistic processing - The view through different lenses; 1. What are the routes to face recognition?; 2. The holistic representation of faces; 3. When is a face, not a face? The effects of misorientation on mechanisms of face perception; 4. Isolating holistic processing in faces (and perhaps objects); 5. Diagnostic use of scale information for componential and holistic recognition; 6. Image-based recognition of biological motion, scenes and objects; 7. Visual object recognition: Can a single mechanism suffice?; 8. The complementary properties of holistic and analytical representations of shape; 9. Relative dominance of holistic and component properties in the perceptual organization of visual objects; 10. Overlapping partial configurations in object memory: An alternative solution to classic problems in perception and recognition; 11. Neuropsychological approaches to perceptual organization: Evidence from visual agnosia; 12. Scene perception: What we can learn from visual integration and change detection; 13. Eye movements, visual memory and scene representationshow more

Review quote

An excellent and timely review of the literature about perception of faces, objects and scenes. I highly recommend it to anyone interested in this fascinating research. Doody's Journalshow more