Excerpt from Pediatrics, Vol. 24: A Monthly Journal Devoted to the Study of Disease in Infants and Children; January 1 to December 31, 1912
Public schools the world over are becoming a vast clinic in which physicians explore for disease. Dr. Hall in Leeds, England, found half the children in a slum school suffering from rickets. In the Edinburgh school 40 per cent. Had diseases of the ear. The British Dental Association, examining school children, found only sets of teeth, or 14 per cent., free from decay. In the Dundee schools half those examined had defects of Vision. The Superintendent of Schools in Alameda, California, says that out Of pupils more than three hundred are afﬂicted with physical defects observable even to the layman. The Bureau of Municipal Research, reporting for this country, says: In rural as well as in city schools nearly one in three will have trouble with the eyes; nearly one in five will be mouth-.breathers, because of too large tonsils or adenoid growths; every now and then there is one with nervous trouble or St. Vitus dance, and certainly more than one in every school who is obviously predisposed to tuberculosis.
Country children are found to be the worse off because they have the defects without the ready access to treatment. New York claims great advantage from this system, because the attention of a large number of people has been called to sanitary betterment by the action of the school inspectors in sending sick children home, and a general healthful condition has fol lowed the lessening of contagious and infectious diseases among the children in the schools, who would otherwise have been exposed to numerous inhalation and infectious diseases.
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