Patterns of Exchange : Navajo Weavers and Traders
Reveals the true complexity of the relationship between Navajo weavers and reservation traders The Navajo rugs and textiles people admire and buy today are the result of many historical influences, particularly the interaction between Navajo weavers and the traders who guided their production and controlled their sale. John Lorenzo Hubbell and other late-nineteenth-century traders were convinced they knew which patterns and colors would appeal to Anglo-American buyers, and so they heavily encouraged those designs. In Patterns of Exchange, Teresa J. Wilkins traces how the relationships between generations of Navajo weavers and traders affected Navajo weaving. The Navajos valued their relationships with Hubbell and others who operated trading posts on their reservation. As a result, they did not always see themselves as exploited victims of a capitalist system. Rather, because of Navajo cultural traditions of gift-giving and helping others, the artists slowly adapted some of the patterns and colors the traders requested into their own designs. By the 1890s, Hubbell and others commissioned paintings depicting particular weaving styles and encouraged Navajo weavers to copy them, reinforcing public perceptions of traditional Navajo weaving. Even the Navajos came to revere certain designs as "the weaving of the ancestors." Including numerous illustrations, this volume traces the intricate play of cultural and economic pressures and personal relationships between artists and traders that guided Navajo weavers to produce textiles that are today emblems of the Native American Southwest. Winner - Multi-cultural Subject, New Mexico Book Awards Teresa J. Wilkins is Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of New Mexico, Gallup. A weaver herself, she is a former student of weaving authority Joe Ben Wheat.
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- Paperback | 231 pages
- 152 x 226 x 18mm | 386g
- 15 Mar 2013
- University of Oklahoma Press
- United States
- Illustrations, black and white
"By looking at both sides of the relationship, Wilkins presents a perspective that has been missing from other studies."--Choice