The Past and Present of Japanese Commerce
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1902 edition. Excerpt: ...being charged with much heavier duties, i. e., 60 per cent. ad valorem. This was based on the ground that the Chinese were much nearer to Japan and not subjected to such long and hazardous voyages as the Dutch, and that their expenses were correspondingly less. The customs duties which were thus secured to the nation were distributed in sums of from three to fifteen taels to the poor of Nagasaki. Kampfer estimates the profits of the Dutch traders1 as about 40 to 45 per cent. net on imports to Japan and 50 per cent. on the exports, or from 80 to 95 per cent. clear profit on an entire voyage. This profit seems incredible and disproportionate to modern profits, but it must be remembered that there were not only unusual risks connected with the commerce of this period, but that there were heavy incidental expenses connected with the maintenance 1 KSmpfer, The History of Japan, book iT, p. 366. of trade and trade stations. M. Fraissinet gives the following tabulation of these expenses:1 Presents a la cour 6, ooo taels. Moyenne de chaque annee, Frais de voyage a la cour. 5,060 taels. Redevance annuelle et faux frais 53 taels. Loyer de Desima, du cimetiere; salaires des gardes. 7,908 taels. 24,268 taels. A deduire, pour les autres annees, les salaires des gardes. 2,391 taels. Total 211877 taels. "L'ancienne compagnie des Indes ne donnait a ces employes qu'un modique salaire mensuel; mais elle abandonnait au Directeur, au Maitre de magasins, au Scribe et aux commis, cinq pour cent sur l'achat et la vente." The gold Koban was the standard money of the country, and silver passed mostly by weight. The gold Koban weighed 47 kondering, or 274 grains Troy, and contained 232 grains of pure gold. The Koban...
- Paperback | 48 pages
- 189 x 246 x 3mm | 104g
- 27 Jun 2012
- Miami Fl, United States
- Illustrations, black and white