Pariah States" and Sanctions in the Middle East : Iraq, Libya, Sudan
UN sanctions have become an increasingly popular weapon in the political armoury of the international community - a supposedly effective means, short of war, of bringing a transgressor state back in line. This book challenges this view in a dispassionate analysis of the political, economic and psychological impact of sanctions on the Middle East's ""pariah"" states. The author establishes two criteria for assessing the utility of sanctions: have they forced the countries concerned to stay within the framework of international law?; and how have they affected the development of those countries? He finds that, while sanctions have contained Iraq, Libya and Sudan in the short term, they have if anything strengthened the three regimes at home and at the same time increased social divisions and religious militancy. Contrary to intentions, he cogently argues, the net effect has been damage to the long-term prospects for stability and good governance in the Middle East and for a secure international order.
- Paperback | 241 pages
- 152 x 226 x 14mm | 322.06g
- 31 Jul 2002
- Lynne Rienner Publishers Inc
- Boulder, CO, United States
Table of contents
Introduction: The New World Order, Sanctions, and ""Pariah States."" The Case Of Libya. Libya's Challenge to the Western Powers, 1969-1992. Unilateral U.S. Sanctions Against Libya. Lockerbie and the Imposition of United Nations Sanctions. The Libyan Response to Sanctions, 1992-July 1998. The British-U.S. Initiative of July 1998. Toward the Libyan Handover of the Accused, August 1998-April 1999. The Economic Impact of Sanctions. The Social Impact of Sanctions. The Political Impact of Sanctions. Conclusion. The Case Of Iraq. U.N. Resolutions on Iraq, 1990-1991: The Basis for International Action. The Security Council, Iraq, and Sanctions, 1991-1995. Easing Sanctions: Oil-for-Food Resolutions, 1995-1999. Oil Sales, Revenue, Expenditure, 1996-2000. Humanitarian Goods and Economic Ingrastructure: Central and Southern Iraq. Humanitarian Goods and Economic Infrastructure: Northern Iraq. Disarmament and Security. Economy and Society. The Domestic Political Dimension. Conclusion. The Case Of Sudan. The Grounds for Sanctions. The Imposition of Sanctions. The Effect of Sanctions. A Final Assessment.
"This is an excellent book, well-written and full of insight and wisdom. Niblock provides an informed, accurate assessment of the political economies of Iraq, Libya, and to a lesser degree, Sudan. Equally important, he presents a skillfully constructed and cogently argued assessment of the impact of sanctions on the governments and peoples of these countries." - Ronald Bruce St John, The Journal of Libyan Studies; "Tim Niblock's timely book is a welcome contribution to [the] debate, investigating the use of United Nations sanctions in the middle East and their very mixed results." - Toby Dodge, International Affairs
About Timothy Niblock
Tim Niblock is professor of Arab Gulf studies and director of the Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies at the University of Exeter. His numerous publications include Class and Power in Sudan: The Dynamics of Sudanese Politics, 1898-1985 and Political and Economic Liberalisation in the Middle East (coedited).