Papers and Proceedings of the Annual Meeting Volume 2

Papers and Proceedings of the Annual Meeting Volume 2

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1905 edition. Excerpt: ...husbandry." But a large portion of the maritime region, in the Southeast, Southwest and West, belonged to the old inclosed country where the methods of settlement and cultivation differed radically from those of the open-field country, and where the history of agricultural change does not, therefore, belong to the history of the inclosure movement. From this distinction between the maritime and the Midland counties, with a continuity of development peculiar to each, it follows that a differentiation often made between the inclosures of the sixteenth and those of the eighteenth century, --the earlier for sheep-farming, the later for an improved arable cultivation, --must be accepted only with reservations. The eighteenth century, it is true, witnessed a great extension of arable farming on that form of inclosure which subjugated the waste lands. But at the same time the inclosure of the open fields was proceeding on a wide scale, and this, especially in the Midlands, still frequently involved an extension of pasture-farming. A juster differentiation of the two periods of inclosure should recognize not simply the agricultural characteristics of the movement but also the differing social effects. The results of the earlier inclosure period if a social balance be struck, were rather beneficial than disastrous. The initial stages, so far as they went, assisted in the creation of a strong and socially healthful agricultural middle class. But on the contrary the final and more sweeping phase contributed to the destruction of this same class. On this phenomenon, that the same movement, at different periods, with a varying intensity and with changed social and economic concomitants, could contribute to such divergent results, we may not more

Product details

  • Paperback | 96 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 5mm | 186g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236804597
  • 9781236804594