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Palmyra : A History

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Description

Palmyra: A History examines Palmyra, the city in the Syrian oasis of Tadmor, from its beginnings in the Bronze Age, through the classical period and its discovery and excavation, to the present day. It aims at reconstructing Palmyra's past from literary accounts - classical and post-classical - as well as material evidence of all kinds: inscriptions, coins, art and of course the remains of Palmyra's monumental architecture. After exploring the earliest inhabitation of Tadmor, the volume moves through the Persian and Hellenistic periods, to the city's zenith under Rome, when of all cities in the Roman empire, Palmyra was exceptional because it became a political factor in its own right when, in the 3rd century AD, the Roman military was overpowered by Sassanian invaders and Palmyrene troops stepped in. The assessment of Palmyra under Rome therefore considers how Palmyra could achieve such an exceptional role in the Roman Near East, before its demise under the Umayyad empire.The volume also examines the century-long history of archaeological and historical research at Palmyra, from its beginnings under Ottoman rule and the French mandate in the 1920s to the recent satellite based prospection carried out by German archaeologists. Palmyra offers academics, students and the interested reader alike the first full treatment in English of this fascinating site, providing a comprehensive account of the city's origins, rise, and fall.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 296 pages
  • 156 x 234mm
  • Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 0415720028
  • 9780415720021

About Michael Sommer

Michael Sommer is Professor of Ancient History at the Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, Germany.show more

Table of contents

Introduction Part I: Tadmor before Palmyra 1. Tadmor in the Mari texts 2. Tadmor in the Bible 3. Achaemenid and Hellenistic Tadmor Part II: Palmyra under the Roman eagle 4. Consuls and emperors: Palmyra and the coming of Rome 5. Citizens and tribesmen: Palmyrene society 6. Silk and pepper: Palmyra and the long distance trade 7. Gods and priests: Palmyrene religion 8. Odaenathus and Zenobia: Palmyra and global politics 9. Soldiers and bishops: Palmyra in Late Antiquity Part III: Tadmor after Palmyra 10. Umayyad and Abbasid Palmyra 11. Emirs and Sultans: from the Crusaders to the Ottomans Part IV: Excavating Palmyra: three centuries of research 12. The beginnings under Ottoman rule 13. Between the wars: archaeology under the French mandate 14. An international hub of research: excavating Palmyra now 15. The second abandonment: Palmyra and the civil warshow more