Excerpt from Pacific Salmon Treaty Negotiations: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Environment and Natural Resources Joint With the Subcommittee on Fisheries Management of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session
While I do not want in any way to diminish the importance of today's topic, which is improving the implementation of the Pacific Salmon Treaty, I do want to impress upon you that this is but one piece of a much larger effort to save the salmon.
Let me now get to the specific issue at hand. The need for the Pacific Salmon Treaty stems from one simple fact; salmon do not respect boundaries. That was true in 1985 when the Treaty was signed, and it is true today. For this Simple reason, management of the salmon requires interjurisdictional cooperation.
We cannot hope to manage these stocks for optimum production if the various parties that affect them are working at cross-pur poses. We can debate the specifics of how that cooperation should occur, but there can be no question about the necessity of the Trea ty. In summary, the answer to your first question is no, unilateral fisheries management of salmon will not work, at least not for long.
In 1985, the tribes' primary goal for this Treaty, which exists largely as a result of the focused, sustained efforts of the tribes and their regional co-managers, was to rebuild depressed stocks and sustain production at optimum levels to support the fisheries upon which our way of life depends. That still is our primary goal.
Unfortunately, progress in this regard has been much slower than we had envisioned. In some cases, there has been no progress at all; and in a few cases, they actually have gotten worse. This has been the biggest disappointment of all.
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