PT. III. Magnetism. PT. IV. Electromagnetism

PT. III. Magnetism. PT. IV. Electromagnetism

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1881 edition. Excerpt: ...of circuits carrying electric currents is a dynamical system, in which the currents may be regarded as velocities, and in which the coordinates corresponding to these velocities do not themselves appear in the equations. It follows from this that the kinetic energy of the system, in so far as it depends on the currents, is a homogeneous quadratic function of the currents, in which the coefficients depend only on the form and relative position of the circuits. Assuming these coefficients to be known, by experiment or otherwise, we deduced, by purely dynamical reasoning, the laws of the induction of currents, and of electromagnetic attraction. In this investigation we introduced the conceptions of the electrokinetic energy of a system of currents, of the electromagnetic momentum of a circuit, and of the mutual potential of two circuits. We then proceeded to explore the field by means of various configurations of the secondary circuit, and were thus led to the conception of a vector 21, having a determinate magnitude and direction at any given point of the field. We called this vector the electromagnetic momentum at that point. This quantity may be considered as the time-integral of the electromotive force which would be produced at that point by the sudden removal of all the currents from the field. It is identical with the quantity already investigated in Art. 405 as the vector-potential of magnetic induction. Its components parallel to x, y, and z are F, G, and //. The electromagnetic momentum of a circuit is the line-integral of SI round the circuit. We then, by means of Theorem IV, Art. 24, transformed the line-integral of SI into the surface-integral of another vector, 33, whose components are a, 6, c, and we found that the phenomena more

Product details

  • Paperback | 158 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 9mm | 295g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236524543
  • 9781236524546