Outlines of European History; From the Opening of the Eighteenth Century to the Present Day

Outlines of European History; From the Opening of the Eighteenth Century to the Present Day

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1912 edition. Excerpt: ...under which people lived and worked. Up to this time the term "manufacture" still meant, as it did in the original Latin (manu facere), " to make by hand." Artisans carried on trades Defoe's description of Yorkshire artisans about 1725 Principle of the "factory system" with their own tools in their own homes or in small shops, as the cobbler does to-day. Instead of working with hundreds of others in great factories and being entirely dependent upon his wages, the artisan, in England at least, was often able to give some attention to a small garden plot, from which he derived a part of his support. This "domestic system," as it is called, is graphically described by the journalist, Defoe, as he observed it in Yorkshire during a journey through England in 1724-1726: "The land was divided into small enclosures of from two acres to six or seven acres each, seldom more, every three or four pieces having a house belonging to them; hardly a house standing out of speaking distance from another. We could see at every house a tenter and on almost every tenter a piece of cloth, or kersie, or shalloon. At every considerable house there was a manufactory. Every clothier keeps one horse at least to carry his manufactures to market, and every one generally keeps a cow or two, or more, for his family. By this means the small pieces of enclosed land about each house are occupied, for they scarce sow corn i.e. grain enough to feed their poultry. The houses are full of lusty fellows, some at their dye vat, some at their looms, others dressing the cloth; the women and children carding or spinning, all being employed from the youngest to the eldest." As the Industrial Revolution progressed, these hand workers found...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 188 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 10mm | 345g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236559746
  • 9781236559746