The Ottoman Empire and Its Tributary States, Excepting Egypt, with a Sketch of Greece

The Ottoman Empire and Its Tributary States, Excepting Egypt, with a Sketch of Greece

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1876 edition. Excerpt: ...and peasantry. Of late years an attempt has been made to develop a trade or intermediate class, which is intended to include some of the lower ranks of the nobility, men of science and literature, subordinate grades of officials, tenant farmers, and merchants. The gipsies, formerly ranked as Serfs, were incorporated in the peasant class in 1856. The Boyards are the principal land owners, and hold the most important Government posts. The lower ranks of the clergy are as a rule taken from the peasant class; when engaged in their agricultural pursuits, they are only distinguishable by their long beards, and indeed when not occupied with their spiritual duties, these ranks of the clergy till the ground and live the same kind of life as the peasant; they are, however, exempt from the payment of all taxes, with the exception of a small annual tribute paid to the Archbishop. The evil influences of centuries of despotism are still apparent in the moral condition of the lower orders, but they are now no longer compelled to render personal service to the proprietors of the soil. The peasant prefers the occupation of tending flocks and herds to that of agriculture; he is honest and faithful, and though indolent in disposition, is quick of comprehension, and in general intelligent. Well led, he has always shown himself a good soldier, proof of which is afforded by the records of the country's military history. Superstition still prevails to a very considerable extent among the lower classes, much of which is to be attributed to the defective education in the inferior ranks of the clergy. The men are physically well built, and require little for their daily wants, living principally on "Mamaliga," a kind of meal manufactured from Indian corn, which...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 80 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 4mm | 159g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236549635
  • 9781236549631