The "Other" Karen in Myanmar

The "Other" Karen in Myanmar : Ethnic Minorities and the Struggle without Arms

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This book is the first study to an offer insight into non-armed, non-insurgent members of ethnic groups that are associated with well-known armed organizations. It analyzes the nature of the relationships between the "quiet" minorities and their "rebel" counterparts and assesses how these intra-ethnic differences and divisions affect the armed resistance movement, negotiation with state authorities, conflict resolution, and political reform. This field-based study of the Karen in Burma also provides theoretical and policy implications for other ethnically polarized countries.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 232 pages
  • 157.48 x 231.14 x 22.86mm | 498.95g
  • Lexington Books
  • Lanham, MD, United States
  • English
  • New
  • 0739168525
  • 9780739168523
  • 2,201,023

About Ardeth Maung Thawnghmung

Ardeth Maung Thawnghmung is associate professor of political science at the University of Massachusetts, Lowell. She is the author of Beyond Militant Resistance: The Non-insurgent Members of Ethno-national Groups in Myanmar (2011), The Karen Revolution: Diverse Voices, Uncertain Ends (2008), and Behind the Teak Curtain: Authoritarianism, Agricultural Policies and Political Legitimacy in Rural Burma (2004). Her areas of specialization are on Southeast Asian and Burmese politics, ethnic politics, identity politics, political economy and comparative politics.
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Review quote

This study of the Karens of Burma has several strengths. First, an indigenous Karen who was educated initially in Myanmar/Burma and then abroad wrote it; today, she teaches political science in a US university. Second, Thawnghmung (Univ. of Massachusetts, Lowell) brings a new approach to the subject by concentrating on the Karen "others." Internal wars between the Karens and the state have been ongoing for more than six decades; however, the author's focus is on the Karens who have not joined in the fighting. As a result, the study is different from most of the writings about the second-largest minority in Burma. Third, she devotes a good deal of attention to a comparative discussion of the Karens and ethnic minorities in other countries around the world. Because of these differences from most of the literature on Burma and the Karens, this study is new and original. Moreover, it is well written and thoughtful and should find readers beyond the usual Burma and area specialists because it is placed in a comparative context that offers fresh ideas and information for political comparativists to consider. Summing Up: Recommended. CHOICE Ardeth Maung Thawnghmung's brave new book is a worthy successor to her penetrating Behind the Teak Curtain. In this second volume, she does more than recount the complexities of the Karen communities of Myanmar, but demonstrates through her use of comparative studies, the massive difficulties involved in trying to understand the nature of ethnic politics in a country as complicated as Myanmar. Those who naively seek simplistic answers to Myanmar's myriad problems will learn much from this important book. Students of comparative ethnic politics will, as well. -- Robert H. Taylor, author of The State in Myanmar This richly detailed and closely argued study is a major contribution to the literature on Burmese politics and social issues. Ardeth Maung Thawnghmung addresses an important and sensitive subject in a rigorous, yet balanced and nuanced manner. The book will be particularly useful to scholars and activists because most previous studies of the Karen community in and from Burma have focused on a well-connected, highly researched - but not necessarily representative - minority, engaged in political activities or living as displaced people along the Thailand border. While not seeking to marginalize such voices, Thawnghmung provides a necessary corrective. She combines a state-of-the-art theoretical orientation with grounded insights into the relationship between the diverse Karen community and the state of Myanmar. Her analysis is relevant to the situation of many 'other' restive communities around the world, and should thus be of interest both to Burma-watchers and to the broader scholarly and policy-orientated communities. -- Ashley South, author of Ethnic Politics in Burma: States of Conflict (2008) This remarkable book portrays anti-government rebels and 'their' supporters; pro-government officials and 'their' supporters; pro-government people who become anti-government people; people just trying to stay out of the way; and people who go away, fleeing to hither and yon as refugees. Author Ardeth Maung Thawnghmung uses her extensive sources and her own experiences to reveal the complexities and predicaments of Karen people and others who live with and are caught up in ethnic conflicts spanning decades in Burma/Myanmar. -- Benedict Kerkvliet, Emeritus Professor, The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia This is a meticulously researched and compelling analysis of the politics of the many Burmese Karen who are not engaged in a violent struggle with the government, but have found ways to accommodate themselves to the challenging realities of their circumstances. The author combines the fruits of several years extensive fieldwork with a refreshingly broad theoretical and comparative perspective. The result is an extremely distinctive and original book that allows us to understand Burma in new and much more nuanced ways. -- Duncan McCargo, professor of southeast Asian politics, University of Leeds
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Table of contents

Contents Acknowledgments Introduction Growing up in Burma-a personal account The international Phenomenon of the "Silent Majority" Theme, Approach, and Method of the Book Chapter 1: Who are the "Other" or "Quiet" Minorities? Who are the "other" or "quiet" Minorities? The Political Significance of the "Other" Minorities Chapter 2: The Emergence of the Karen Ethno-National Movement The Construction of Karen ethno-nationalist identities Saw Ba U Gyi and the Insein Ceasefire talks KNU in the 21st Century Conclusion Chapter 3: Kawthoolei Karen: A Fragmented Constituency Government-Controlled zones Rebel-controlled and Contested Zones The "Refugees" The Diaspora Conclusion Chapter 4: The "Rebel" and the "Accomomodator" The Early Stages of the Armed Resistance Movement The Later Stages of the Armed Rebellion Conclusion Chapter 5: The "Other" Ethnonationalities in Myanmar/Burma A changing Political Landscape in SPDC and Post-SPDC Periods The 'other' Nationalities in Burma/Myanmar Three Patterns of civilian Politics among Ethnic minoirites Conclusion Chapter 6: The "other" Ethnonationalities in Comparative perspective Competing Identities Divide and Rule Strategies The Role of the "other" Minorities in Ethnic Politics Conclusion Bibliography Index About the Author
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