Origins of Neuroscience

Origins of Neuroscience : A History of Explorations into Brain Function

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The juxtaposition of historical ideas and brain functions is presented here in a highly readable fashion. The roots of neurology, neuropsychology, and neuroscience are traced, emphasizing the functions of the brain and how they came to be associated with specific brain parts and systems. Part I is devoted to discussions of science and medicine in the early cultures of Ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome, as well as an overview of key figures and several landmark events of the Renaissance, the nineteenth, and early twentieth centuries. Part II begins with the sensory systems, starting with vision and audition, working through the skin senses and ending with gustation and olfaction. Part III details the latest advances in motor systems while including the histories of several of the most common movement disorders, like Parkinson's disease, Huntingdon's chorea, and Tourette's syndrome. Part IV examines the history of sleep, dreaming, and the emotions, while the succeeding part discusses higher functions of the brain and the brain as the organ of intellect. Part V also incorporates a discussion of the neurobiology of learning and of several disorders affecting memory The final chapters ofshow more

Product details

  • Hardback | 480 pages
  • 213.36 x 281.94 x 27.94mm | 1,859.72g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • frontispiece, halftones and line drawings, bibliography
  • 0195065034
  • 9780195065039

Table of contents

Part I: Theories of Brain Function. 1: The Brain in Antiquity. 2: Changing Concepts of Brain Function. 3: The Era of Cortical Localization. 4: Holism and the Critics of Cortical Localization. Part II: Sensory Systems. 5: Vision: From Antiquity through the Renaissance. 6: Post-Renaissance Visual Anatomy and Physiology. 7: Color Vision. 8: The Ear and Theories of Hearing. 9: Audition and the Central Nervous System. 10: The Cutaneous Senses. 11: Pain. 12: Gustation. 13: Olfaction. Part III: Motor Functions. 14: The Pyramidal System and the Motor Cortex. 15: The Cerbellum and the Corpus Striatum. 16: Some Movement Disorders. Part IV: Sleep and Function. 17: The Process of Sleep. 18: The Nature of Dreaming. 19: Theories of Emotion from Democritus to William James. 20: Defining and Controlling the Circuits of Emotion. Part V: Intellect and Memory. 21: The Brain and Intellect. 22: The Frontal Lobes and Intellect. 23: The Nature of the Memory Tree. 24: The Neuropathology of Memory. Part VI: Speech and Cerebral Dominance. 25: Speech and Language. 26: The Emergence of the Concept of Cerebral Dominance. 27: The Expansion of the Concept of Cerebral Dominance. Part VII: Treatments, Therapies and Prosthetics. 28: Treatments and Therapies: From Antiquity through the 17th Century. 29: Treatments and Therapies: From 1700 to World War I. 30: Compensatory and Prosthetic Aids. Part VIII: Theories of Recovery. 31: Redundancy and Vicariation Theories. 32: Diaschisis, Shock Effects, and Recovery. 33: Supersensitivity and Recovery. 34: But Is It Recovery?. Part IX: Differing Response to Brain Damage. 35: The Age Factor. 36: Lesion Type and Momentum. Appendixshow more

Review quote

"Provides a scholarly and comprehensive history of the development of concepts about brain functions. This book traces the development of the neurosciences in a logical and chronological fashion. . . . employs a scholarly but not pedantic approach; it offers a wealth of detail, yet it is quite readable." --Doody's Health Sciences Book Review Journal"A really comprehensive overview of the development of all the major concepts in neurobiology....Masterly, readable, and long-needed....Read from cover-to-cover, it provides a panorama of the entire field. Read by the casual reader who wants some background on a restricted topic, the book offers a series of bite-sized essays that can be munched at leisure....There is much here for both basic scientists and clinicians." --Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience"The book is packed with facts, and Finger has woven clinical observation and clinical work on animals into a fascinating story that will appeal to anyone with some knowledge of brain structure and function. . . . The book is a must for anyone researching brain function or treating diseases of the nervous system; highly recommended to anyone fascinated by how our brain works." --New Scientist"A comprehensive and well-written history of neuroscience, this book can serve either as an academic textbook or simply as a general source of historical information....The historical references are wonderful...printing is excellent, and the copious half-tone illustrations are well reproduced. Specialists in neuropsychology, neurophysiology, and neurology should all find many intriguing ideas here as should anyone with an historical interest in the neurosciences." --Perceptual and Motor Skills"Rich in illustrations....There is a useful appendix of birth-death dates, and the references are extensive. The book has no real rivals and should be in four-year college and university libraries. A well-written and valuable addition to the literature of the history of the neurosciences." --Choice"Quite appropriate for coffee-table display. It is also suitable for libraries..." --BioScience"Although much material can be found elsewhere, it has now been gathered in one accession to the history of neuroscience." --Journal of the History of Neuroscience"Readable and long-needed book. Its organizing theme is cerebral localization, with individual treatments of the senses, the motor system, emotion, memory and intellect, and neurological illness and their treatment."--Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience"Richly illustrated and documented, the book is readily accessible and interestingly written . . . . No one interested in the history of neuroscience should be without this book."--Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science"A mine of information."--History of Psychiatryshow more

About Stanley Finger

Stanley Finger, Ph.D., is Professor in the Department of Psychology and the Program in Neural Sciences at Washington University, St. more

Rating details

11 ratings
3.9 out of 5 stars
5 27% (3)
4 36% (4)
3 36% (4)
2 0% (0)
1 0% (0)
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