Part 1: Introduction. 1. Towards A Comparative Sociology of Organizations Cornelis J Lammers and David J Hickson. Part 2: Salient Issues. Summary. 2. Grounds for Comparative Organization Theory: Quicksands or Hard Core? David J Hickson, Charles J McMillan, Koya Azumi and Dezso Horvath. 3. For A Study of The Societal Effect: Universality and Specificity in Organization Reseach Marc Maurice. 4. Organizations and the Social Order: A Pluralist Approach Jacques van Doorn. 5. Managerial Incentive Systems and Organizational Theory David Granick. 6. Hierarchical Power Distance in Forty Countries Gert Hofstede. Part 3: Comparing Organizations in Varying Institutional Settings. Summary. 7. Internal Belief Systems and Ideologies About the Organizational Structure of Church and Industry Fred H Goldner. 8. Continuities in the Study of Organizations: Churches and Local Government C R Hinings. 9. Contextual Variables and Bureaucratic Types of Israeli Service Organizations Bilha F Mannheim and Nathan Moskovits. 10. Organizational Control: A Comparison of Authority Systems in US and Nigerian Organizations W Richard Scott, Sanford M Dornbusch and Emmanuel A Utande. 11. Organizational Control: A Review of Studies Employing the Control Graph Method Arnold S Tannenbaum and Robert A Cooke. Part 4: Comparing Organizations in Varying Societal Settings. Summary. 12. Culture and Organizational Structure and Process: A Comparative Study of Local Government Administrative Bureaucracies in the Walloon and Flemish Regions of Belgium Michael Aiken and Samuel B Bacharach. 13. Organization and Managerial Roles in British and West German Companies: An Examination of the Culture-Free Thesis John Child and Alfred Kieser. 14. Cultural Context As A Determinant of Organizational Rationality: A Comparison of the Tobacco Industries in Britain and France Peter Clark. 15. Structural Differences Between Swedish and US Hospitals Egon Jonsson and Duncan Neuhauser. 16. Kidney Units: Culture, Structure and Technology Olgierd Kuty. 17. Convergence In Organizational Practices: An Empirical Study of Industrial Enterprises in Developing Countries Anant R Negandhi. 18. Organizational Role Commitment in the Catholic Church in Spain and the USA Richard A Schoenherr and Jose Perez Vilarino. 19. Profession, Autonomy and Time Perspective: A Comparative Study of the Rise of the Air Force Weapon G Teitler. Part 5: Conclusions. 20. Methodological Convergences? Cornelis J Lammers and David J Hickson. 21. Are Organizations Culture-Bound? Cornelis J Lammers and David J Hickson 22. A Cross-National and Cross-Institutional Typology of Organizations Cornelis J Lammers and David J Hickson. Name Index. Subject Index.