Organizational Culture and Leadership

Organizational Culture and Leadership

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The book that defined the field, updated and expanded for today's organizations Organizational Culture and Leadership is the classic reference for managers and students seeking a deeper understanding of the inter-relationship of organizational culture dynamics and leadership. Author Edgar Schein is the 'father' of organizational culture, world-renowned for his expertise and research in the field; in this book, he analyzes and illustrates through cases the abstract concept of culture and shows its importance to the management of organizational change. This new fifth edition shows how culture has become a popular concept leading to a wide variety of research and implementation by various organizations and expands the focus on the role of national cultures in influencing culture dynamics, including some practical concepts for how to deal with international differences. Special emphasis is given to how the role of leadership varies with the age of the organization from founding, through mid-life to old age as the cultural issues vary at each stage. How culture change is managed at each stage and in different types of organizations is emphasized as a central concern of leader behavior.
This landmark book is considered the defining resource in the field. Drawing on a wide range of research, this fifth edition contains 25 percent new and revised material to provide the most relevant new concepts and perspectives alongside the basic culture model that has helped to define the field. Dig into assumptions and typologies to decipher organizational culture * Learn how culture begins, thrives, or dies with leadership * Manage cultural change effectively and appropriately * Understand the leader's role in managing disparate groups The resurgence of interest in organizational culture has spurred an awakening in research, and new information is continuously coming to light. Outdated practices are being replaced by more effective methods, and the resulting shift affects organizations everywhere. Organizational Culture and Leadership is an essential resource for scholars, consultants and leaders seeking continuous improvement in the face of today's business realities.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 416 pages
  • 185 x 237 x 22mm | 658g
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 5th Edition
  • 1119212049
  • 9781119212041
  • 58,828

Back cover copy


When the first edition of Organizational Culture and Leadership was published more than thirty years ago, it set out to transform the abstract concept of culture into a tool to continually redefine culture and achieve organizational goals. Now, this Fifth Edition is printing into a world where everyone in an organization, from the intern to CEO, shares a common language and understanding about the importance of culture. The resurgent interest in organizational culture led author Edgar Schein to undertake the most extensive revision to date of his classic reference in order to fully present the latest research and new information relevant in today's business world.

Cultural and organizational change is one of the most complex challenges facing management, but the insightful discussions from the highest authority in the field gives you an unparalleled understanding of how to lead with efficacy and confidence. You can depend on this updated edition to provide the guidance you need in the increasingly multicultural world, complete with a new case study and two additional chapters examining solutions to the difficulties of analyzing and working with such macro cultures as nations and occupations with highly evolved stable cultures. Everyone studying leadership as well as those seeking to improve their practical skillset can use this guide to: Decipher organizational culture by looking at its typologies and our own assumptions Manage cultural change by delving into how it begins, thrives, and dies with leadership Broaden established leadership skills by effectively managing disparate groups

To rise above status quo leaders today, turn to the book that started it all--Organizational Culture and Leadership.
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Table of contents

Acknowledgments ix Preface xiii Foreword xv About the Authors xxiii Part One: Defining the Structure of Culture 1. How to Define Culture in General 3 The Problem of Defining Culture Clearly 3 Summary and Conclusions 14 Suggestions for Readers 16 2. The Structure of Culture 17 Three Levels of Analysis 17 Summary and Conclusions 29 Suggestions for Readers 30 3. A Young and Growing U.S. Engineering Organization 31 Case 1: Digital Equipment Corporation in Maynard, Massachusetts 31 Summary and Conclusions 42 Suggestions for Readers 43 4. A Mature Swiss-German Chemical Organization 45 Case 2: Ciba-Geigy Company in Basel, Switzerland 45 Can Organizational Cultures Be Stronger than National Cultures? 55 Summary and Conclusions 56 Questions for Readers 59 5. A Developmental Government Organization in Singapore 61 Case 3: Singapore s Economic Development Board 61 The EDB Nested Cultural Paradigms 63 Summary and Conclusions: The Multiple Implications of the Three Cases 73 Questions for Readers 75 Part Two: What Leaders Need to Know about Macro Cultures 6. Dimensions of the Macro-Cultural Context 81 Travel and Literature 81 Survey Research 82 Ethnographic, Observational, and Interview-Based Research 86 Human Essence and Basic Motivation 96 Summary and Conclusions 102 Questions for Readers 104 7. A Focused Way of Working with Macro Cultures 105 Cultural Intelligence 107 How to Foster Cross-Cultural Learning 109 The Paradox of Macro Culture Understanding 117 Echelons as Macro Cultures 118 Summary and Conclusions 121 Suggestion for the Change Leader: Do Some Experiments with Dialogue 122 Suggestion for the Recruit 123 Suggestion for the Scholar or Researcher 123 Suggestion for the Consultant or Helper 123 Part Three: Culture and Leadership through Stages of Growth 8. How Culture Begins and the Role of the Founder of Organizations 127 A Model of How Culture Forms in New Groups 127 The Role of the Founder in the Creation of Cultures 130 Example 1: Ken Olsen and DEC Revisited 132 Example 2: Sam Steinberg and Steinberg s of Canada 136 Example 3: Fred Smithfield, a Serial Entrepreneur 140 Example 4: Steve Jobs and Apple 142 Example 5: IBM Thomas Watson Sr. and His Son 144 Example 6: Hewlett and Packard 144 Summary and Conclusions 146 Suggestions for Readers 147 Implications for Founders and Leaders 147 9. How External Adaptation and Internal Integration Become Culture 149 The Socio-Technical Issues of Organizational Growth and Evolution 150 Issues around the Means: Structure, Systems, and Processes 158 Summary and Conclusions 178 Suggestion for the Culture Analyst 179 Suggestion for the Manager and Leader 179 10. How Leaders Embed and Transmit Culture 181 Primary Embedding Mechanisms 183 Secondary Reinforcement and Stabilizing Mechanisms 196 Summary and Conclusions 204 Questions for Researchers, Students, and Employees 206 11. The Culture Dynamics of Organizational Growth, Maturity, and Decline 207 General Effects of Success, Growth, and Age 208 Differentiation and the Growth of Subcultures 211 The Need for Alignment between Three Generic Subcultures: Operators, Designers, and Executives 221 The Unique Role of the Executive Function: Subculture Management 229 Summary and Conclusions 229 Suggestions for the Reader 231 12. Natural and Guided Cultural Evolution 233 Founding and Early Growth 234 Transition to Midlife: Problems of Succession 237 Organizational Maturity and Potential Decline 245 Summary and Conclusions 250 Questions for Readers 251 Part Four: Assessing Culture and Leading Planned Change 13. Deciphering Culture 255 Why Decipher Culture? 255 How Valid Are Clinically Gathered Data? 262 Ethical Issues in Deciphering Culture 263 Professional Obligations of the Culture Analyst 266 Summary and Conclusions 267 Questions for the Reader 269 14. The Diagnostic Quantitative Approach to Assessment and Planned Change 271 Why Use Typologies, and Why Not? 272 Typologies that Focus on Assumptions about Authority and Intimacy 278 Typologies of Corporate Character and Culture 281 Examples of Survey-Based Profiles of Cultures 285 Automated Culture Analysis with Software-as-a-Service 288 Summary and Conclusions 293 Suggestions for the Reader 295 15. The Dialogic Qualitative Culture Assessment Process 297 Case 4: MA-COM Revising a Change Agenda as a Result of Cultural Insight 298 Case 5: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Reassessing Their Mission 302 Case 6: Apple Assessing Its Culture as Part of a Long-Range Planning Process 307 Case 7: SAAB COMBITECH Building Collaboration in Research Units 311 Case 8: Using A Priori Criteria for Culture Evaluation 313 What of DEC, Ciba-Geigy, and Singapore? Did Their Cultures Evolve and Change? 314 Summary and Conclusions 315 Suggestion for the Reader 317 16. A Model of Change Management and the Change Leader 319 The Change Leader Needs Help in Defining the Change Problem or Goal 320 General Change Theory 321 Why Change? Where Is the Pain? 322 The Stages and Steps of Change Management 323 Cautions in Regard to Culture Change 337 Summary and Conclusions 339 Suggestions for Readers 341 17. The Change Leader as Learner 343 What Might a Learning Culture Look Like? 344 Why These Dimensions? 349 Learning-Oriented Leadership 350 A Final Thought: Discover the Culture within My Own Personality 354 References 355 Index 367
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About Edgar H. Schein

EDGAR H. SCHEIN is the Society of Sloan Fellows Professor of Management Emeritus and a professor emeritus at the MIT Sloan School of Management. A world-renowned expert on organizational culture credited with founding the field, he is the bestselling author of Humble Inquiry, Helping, and Humble Consulting.
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