List of Tables; Preface; Acknowledgments; PART I. UNCONSCIOUS MOTIVATION; 1. Unconscious Motivation as Viewed from the Projective Perspective; 2. Unconscious Motivation as Viewed from the New Unconscious Perspective; PART II. STUDIES THAT CONSIDER UNCONSCIOUS MOTIVE PATTERNS; 3. Managers at the Atlantic Refining Company; 4. Students at the University of Oregon with Managerial Career Goals; 5. Consultants Employed by McKinsey & Company; 6 Students at Western Michigan University (Organized on a ierarchic Basis) and at the University of South Florida (Organized on a Group Basis); 7. Human Resource Managers from a Bureau of National Affairs (BNA) Panel; 8. Diversity Among General Motors Corporation Managers; 9. Academy of Management Members as Professionals; 10. Georgia State University MBA Students Enrolled in a Career Planning Course; 11. Changes in the Managerial Motivation of University Students across the 1960-1980 Period; 12. Varied Personnel from Hierarchic, Professional, Task, and Group Systems: An Instrument for Classifying Organizations, John E. Oliver; 13. Students at the U. S. Military Academy (West Point) and at the Branch Immaterial Officer Candidate Course (Ft. Benning GA); 14. Top Executives from Various Companies; 15. Entrepreneurs Who Applied to the National Science Foundation for Funding of Hi-tech Innovations; 16. Contrasts Among Entrepreneurs and Managers; 17. Managers in the People's Republic of China; 18. Active Volunteers Working in Voluntary Organizations in Western New York; 19. Labor Arbitrators Nationwide (Many of Them Lawyers); 20. Attendees at the Center for Entrepreneurial Leadership Program over 7 Years; 21. Graduate Students Who Attended an Entrepreneurship Course over 5 Years; 22. Princeton University Alumni (Class of 1948) on Whom Whole Career Data Are Available and the Subsequent Creation of the Leadership Theory; 23. Adolescents in Orange County, CA: Family Influences on the Development of Task Motivation in Adolescents, Jennifer L. Miner; PART III. ANALYSES; 24. The Psychometric Soundness of the MSCS; 25. The Construct Validity of the MSCS, Kenneth P. Carson and Debora J. Gilliard; 27. Meta-analyses of Risk Propensity Differences Between Managers and Entrepreneurs on the MSCS-Form T; 28. Relationships Involving Projective Techniques, Self-report Measures and Criteria; 29. Congruence and the Significance of Careers in Testing Role Motivation Theory: Using Task Motive Patterns; 30. Congruence and the Significance of Careers in Testing Role Motivation Theory: Using Hierarchic Motive Patterns.