Organic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1902 edition. Excerpt: ...38. Nitrate and Nitrite of Methyl.--Methyl nitrate CHtN0t is prepared by distilling 1 part of niter and 1 part of methyl alcohol with 2 parts of sulphuric acid. The application of external heat is not necessary, as the heat produced by the reaction is quite sufficient to make the methyl nitrate distil over. It is a colorless liquid of specific gravity 1.182, and boils at 60. When struck with a hammer or heated to 150, it explodes quite violently. Methyl nitrite CHtNO, is produced by the action of nitrous acid on methyl alcohol. It is a gaseous body, of pleasant odor, that condenses at very low temperature to a yellowish liquid that boils at about--120. 39. Other Ethereal Salts.--The ethereal salts formed by phosphoric acid are of little importance in the arts, and will not be considered here. Ethyl arsenite (CtHtAsOt is obtained by the action of sodium ethoxide and arsenious chloride, as is seen from the following equation: 3CtHtONa + AsClt = (CtH, ), AsOt + 3NaCI Ethyl borate (C, HJSO also known as boric ether, is formed by the action of boron trichloride on absolute alcohol. It is a colorless limpid liquid that boils at 120. Its vapor bums with a green flame. Water decomposes it into boric acid and alcohol. Ethyl silicate (CtIitSiOt, also known as silicic ether, is obtained by treating silicic chloride with a small quantity of anhydrous alcohol: 4CtHt-Off+SiCtt = (CtHJtSiOt + 4HCl It is a colorless liquid with a rather pleasant odor, and a taste similar to that of pepper. Its specific gravity is.933, and it boils at 165. Its vapor burns with a bright flame, evolving clouds of SiO, . It is decomposed slowly by water, and rapidly by ammonia. Ethyl orthocarbonate (CtHtCOo which boils at 159, is formed by the action of sodium on an alcoholic solutioshow more

Product details

  • Paperback | 180 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 10mm | 331g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236489497
  • 9781236489494