Organ Shortage : Ethics, Law and Pragmatism
Organ shortage is an ongoing problem in many countries. The needless death and suffering which have resulted necessitate an investigation into potential solutions. This examination of contemporary ethical means, both practical and policy-oriented, of reducing the shortfall in organs draws on the experiences of a range of countries. The authors focus on the resolution and negotiation of ethical conflict, examine systems approaches such as the 'Spanish model' and the US Breakthrough Collaboratives, evaluate policy proposals relating to incentives, presumed consent, and modifications regarding end-of-life care, and evaluate the greatly increased use of (non-heart-beating) donors suffering circulatory death, as well as living donors. The proposed strategies and solutions are not only capable of resolving the UK's own organ-shortage crisis, but also of being implemented in other countries grappling with how to address the growing gap between supply and demand for organs.
- Electronic book text | 328 pages
- 22 May 2011
- CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
- Cambridge, United Kingdom
- 6 b/w illus. 7 tables
Table of contents
Part I. Setting the Scene: 1. Organ shortage: principles, pragmatism and practice Anne-Maree Farrell, David Price and Muireann Quigley; 2. Does ethical controversy cost lives? Margaret Brazier and John Harris; Part II. Current Issues Affecting Organ Shortage: 3. Organ donation and transplantation: meeting the needs of a multi-ethnic and multi-faith UK population Gurch Randhawa; 4. Educating the public to encourage organ donation? Mairi Levitt; 5. Bereavement, decision-making and the family in organ donation Magi Sque and Tracy Long-Sutehall; Part III. Strategies for Addressing Organ Shortage: 6. Incentivising organ donation Muireann Quigley; 7. Making the margins mainstream: strategies to maximise the donor pool Antonia Cronin; 8. The allocation of organs: the need for fairness and transparency Phil Dyer and Sheelagh McGuinness; 9. Ante-mortem issues affecting deceased donation: an ethico-legal perspective John Coggon and Paul Murphy; Part IV. Comparative Perspectives: 10. Institutional organisation and transplanting the 'Spanish model' Monica Navarro-Michel; 11. Kidney donation: lessons from the Nordic countries Salla Loetjoenen and Nils Persson; 12. Organ donation and transplantation: the Canadian experience Linda Wright and Diego S. Silva; 13. Systematic increases in organ donation: the United States experience Alexandra K. Glazier; Part V. Current Reform and Future Challenges: 14. Negotiating change: organ donation in the UK Bobbie Farsides; 15. Addressing organ shortage in the European Union: getting the balance right Anne-Maree Farrell; 16. Promoting organ donation: challenges for the future David Price.
About Professor Anne-Maree Farrell
Dr Anne-Maree Farrell is Senior Lecturer in Law at the Centre for Social Ethics and Policy and the Institute for Science, Ethics and Innovation, School of Law, University of Manchester. Professor David Price is Professor of Medical Law at Leicester De Montfort Law School, De Montfort University. Dr Muireann Quigley is Lecturer in Bioethics at the Centre for Social Ethics and Policy and the Institute for Science, Ethics and Innovation, School of Law, University of Manchester.
'Organ Shortage is a work of the highest standard, providing erudite, considered, and thought-provoking contributions. The care with which the editors have constructed the volume to ensure that it constitutes a coherent whole is evident.' Deborah Bowman, Journal of the American Medical Association '... [this] book gives a solid introduction to the broad issue of organ shortage and may be inspiring to researchers, policymakers, and ethicists alike. The numerous authors introduce a variety of viewpoints on highly relevant debates, without dwelling excessively on a singular facet of organ donation or a specific organ. Indeed, in order to find a solution to the shortage, policies in the UK and elsewhere will need to be similarly balanced.' Maggie Woodward, World Medical and Health Policy