Optical Media

Optical Media

3.94 (50 ratings by Goodreads)
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Description

This major new book provides a concise history of optical media from Renaissance linear perspective to late twentieth-century computer graphics. Kittler begins by looking at European painting since the Renaissance in order to discern the principles according to which modern optical perception was organized. He also discusses the development of various mechanical devices, such as the camera obscura and the laterna magica, which were closely connected to the printing press and which played a pivotal role in the media war between the Reformation and the Counter-Reformation. After examining this history, Kittler then addresses the ways in which images were first stored and made to move, through the development of photography and film. He discusses the competitive relationship between photography and painting as well as between film and theater, as innovations like the Baroque proscenium or "picture-frame" stage evolved from elements that would later constitute cinema. The central question, however, is the impact of film on the ancient monopoly of writing, as it not only provoked new forms of competition for novelists but also fundamentally altered the status of books. In the final section, Kittler examines the development of electrical telecommunications and electronic image processing from television to computer simulations. In short, this book provides a comprehensive introduction to the history of image production that is indispensable for anyone wishing to understand the prevailing audiovisual conditions of contemporary culture.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 332 pages
  • 154 x 228 x 26mm | 521.63g
  • Polity Press
  • Oxford, United Kingdom
  • English
  • English
  • 0745640907
  • 9780745640907

Back cover copy

Friedrich Kittler's lecture series provides a concise history of optical media from Renaissance linear perspective to late twentieth-century computer graphics. He begins by looking at European painting since the Renaissance in order to discern the principles according to which modern optical perception was organised. Kittler also discusses the development of various mechanical devices, like the camera obscura and the laterna magica, which were closely connected to the printing press and which played a pivotal role in the media war between the Reformation and the Counterreformation. After examining this history, Kittler then addresses the ways in which images were first stored and made to move through the development of photography and film. Kittler discusses the competitive relationship between photography and painting as well as between film and theater, as innovations like the Baroque proscenium or "picture-frame" stage evolved from elements that would later constitute cinema. The central question, however, is the impact of film on the ancient monopoly of writing, as it not only provoked new forms of competition for novelists but also fundamentally altered the status of books. In the final section, Kittler examines the development of electrical telecommunications and electronic image processing from television to computer simulations. In short, these lectures provide a comprehensive introduction to the history of image production, which is indispensable for anyone wishing to understand the prevailing audiovisual conditions of contemporary culture.show more

Review quote

Optical Media is the most engaging and accessible of Friedrich Kittler's books. It starts out with a clear presentation of Kittler's media-theoretical premises and then offers a fascinating tour through the history of storing, manipulating and projecting light. Witty, insightful, provocative, at times outrageous but always stimulating, Optical Media is not only an overlooked back entrance into the study of visual media from the Renaissance to the present, it is also an equally helpful back entrance into Kittler's own theory. Geoffrey Winthrop-Young, University of British ColumbiaKittler is the pre-eminent thinker of time-based media and what it means to edit the flow of time with technical means. Brilliant and remarkably original, he offers a kind of media analysis whose method is dialectically acute and philosophically deep. No one interested in what it means to live in a media-saturated age can neglect his vital and controversial work. John Durham Peters, University of Iowashow more

About Friedrich A. Kittler

Friedrich Kittlershow more

Table of contents

Preliminary Remarks 1. Theoretical Presuppositions 2. Technologies of the Fine Arts 2.1 Camera Obscura and Linear Perspective 2.1.1 Prehistory 2.1.1.1 Greeks and Arabs 2.1.2 Implementation 2.1.2.1 Brunelleschi 2.1.2.2 Alberti 2.1.3 Impact 2.1.3.1 Perspective and Letterpress 2.1.3.2 The Self-Printing of Nature 2.1.3.3 Europe's Colonial Power 2.2 Laterna Magica and the Age of the World Picture 2.2.1 Magic Lanterns in Action 2.2.2 Implementation 2.2.3 Impact 2.2.3.1 Propaganda 2.2.3.2 Heidegger's Age of the World Picture 2.2.3.3 Jesuits and Optical Media 2.3.3.4 Travelling People 2.2.3.5 Jesuit Churches 2.2.3.6 Jesuit Theatre 2.3 Enlightenment and Image War 2.3.1 Brockes 2.3.2 Phenomenology from Lambert to Hegel 2.3.3 Ghost Seer 2.3.3.1 Schiller 2.3.3.2 Hoffmann 2.3.4 Romantic Poetry 3. Optical Media 3.1 Photography 3.1.1 Prehistory 3.1.2 Implementation 3.1.2.1 Niepce and Daguerre 3.1.2.2 Talbot 3.1.3 Painting and Photography: A Battle for the Eyeballs 3.2 Film 3.2.1 Preludes 3.2.2 Implementation 3.2.2.1 Marey and Muybridge 3.2.2 Silent Film 3.2.3 Sound Film 3.2.4 Colour Film 3.3 Television 4. Computershow more

Rating details

50 ratings
3.94 out of 5 stars
5 30% (15)
4 46% (23)
3 14% (7)
2 8% (4)
1 2% (1)
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