Opportunities for Biological Nitrogen Fixation in Rice and Other Non-Legumes

Opportunities for Biological Nitrogen Fixation in Rice and Other Non-Legumes : Proceedings of the Second Working Group Meeting of the Frontier Project on Nitrogen Fixation in Rice Held in Faisalabad, Pakistan, 13-15 October, 1996

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Description

This text looks at the advances in understanding symbiotic Rhizobium-legume interactions at the molecular level, the discovery of endophytic interactions of nitrogen-fixing organisms with non-legumes and the ability to introduce new genes into rice through transformation. This has created an opportunity to investigate the possibilities for incorporating N2 fixation capability in rice. During a think-tank workshop organized by IRRI in 1992, the participants reaffirmed that such opportunities do exist for cereals and recommended that rice be used as a model system. Subsequently, IRRI developed a New Frontier Project to co-ordinate the worldwide collaborative efforts among research centers committed to reducing dependency of rice on mineral N resources. An international Rice Biological Nitrogen Fixation (BNF) working group was established to review, share research results/materials, and to catalyze research.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 232 pages
  • United States
  • 0792347471
  • 9780792347477

Table of contents

Preface; G. Rothschild. 1. Introduction: Assessing Opportunities for Nitrogen Fixation in Rice: -- A Frontier Project; J.K. Ladha, et al. 2. Fertilizers and Biological Nitrogen Fixation as Sources of Plant Nutrients: Perspectives for Future Agriculture; O.C. Bockman. 3. Isolation of Endophytic Diazotrophic Bacteria from Wetland Rice; W.L. Barraquio, et al. 4. Isolation of Endophytic Bacteria from Rice and Assessment of Their Potential for Supplying Rice with Biologically Fixed Nitrogen; J. Stoltzfus, et al. 5. Association of Nitrogen-Fixing, Plant-Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) with Kallar Grass and Rice; K.A. Malik, et al. 6. Occurrence, Physiological and Molecular Analysis of Endophytic Diazotrophic Bacteria in Gramineous Energy Plants; G. Kirchhof, et al. 7. Azoarcus spp. and Their Interactions with Grass Roots; B. Reinhold-Hurek, T. Hurek. 8. Biological Nitrogen Fixation in Non-Leguminous Field Crops: Facilitating the Evolution of an Effective Association between Azospirillum and Wheat; I.R. Kennedy, et al. 9. Rhizobial Communication with Rice Roots: Induction of Phenotypic Changes, Mode of Invasion and Extent of Colonization; P.M. Reddy, et al. 10. Natural Endophytic Association Between Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. Trifolii and Rice Roots and Assessment to Promote Rice Growth; Y.G. Yanni, et al. 11. Interactions of Rhizobia with Rice and Wheat; G. Webster, et al. 12. Interactions Between Bacterial Diazotrophs and Non-Legume Dicots: Arabidopsis thaliana as a Model Plant; C. Gough, et al. 13. Root Morphogenesis in Legumes and Cereals and the Effect of Bacterial Inoculation on Root Development; B.G. Rolfe, et al. 14. Strategies for Increased Ammonium Production in Free-Living or Plant Associated Nitrogen-Fixing Bacteria; R. Colnaghi, et al. 15. Genetics of Azospirillium brasilense with Respect to Ammonium Transport, Sugar Uptake, and Chemotaxis; A. Van Dommelen, et al. 16. Chitin Recognition in Rice and Legumes; G. Stacey, N. Shibuya. 17. The Role of Phytohormones in Plant-Microbe Symbioses; A.M. Hirsch, et al. 18. The Impact of Molecular Systematics on Hypotheses for the Evolution of Root Nodule Symbioses and Implications for Expanding Symbioses to New Host Plant Genera; S.M. Swensen, B.C. Mullin. 19. Nif Gene Transfer and Expression in Chloroplasts: Prospects and Problems; R. Dixon, et al. 20. Physiological and Genetic Limitations to Enhancing BNF; S. Shantharam, A. Mattoo.
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