Operating Systems

Operating Systems : Internals and Design Principles: International Edition

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For a one-semester undergraduate course in operating systems for computer science, computer engineering, and electrical engineering majors.



Winner of the 2009 Textbook Excellence Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association (TAA)!



Operating Systems: Internals and Design Principles is a comprehensive and unified introduction to operating systems. By using several innovative tools, Stallings makes it possible to understand critical core concepts that can be fundamentally challenging. The new edition includes the implementation of web based animations to aid visual learners. At key points in the book, students are directed to view an animation and then are provided with assignments to alter the animation input and analyze the results.



The concepts are then enhanced and supported by end-of-chapter case studies of UNIX, Linux and Windows Vista. These provide students with a solid understanding of the key mechanisms of modern operating systems and the types of design tradeoffs and decisions involved in OS design. Because they are embedded into the text as end of chapter material, students are able to apply them right at the point of discussion. This approach is equally useful as a basic reference and as an up-to-date survey of the state of the art.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 840 pages
  • 183 x 226 x 27mm | 1,034g
  • Pearson
  • United States
  • English
  • 6th edition
  • 0136033377
  • 9780136033370
  • 563,682

Back cover copy

This book provides a comprehensive and unified introduction to operating systems. The book emphasizes both fundamental principles and design issues in contemporary systems. Thus it is both a basic reference and an up-to-date survey of the state of the art. The book provides the reader with a solid understanding of the key mechanisms of modern operating systems and the types of design trade-offs and decisions involved in OS design. In addition to providing coverage of the fundamentals of operating systems, this book examines the most important recent developments in OS design. Among the topics covered: threads, distributed systems, real time systems, process migration, multiprocessor scheduling, and security.
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Table of contents

WEB SITE FOR OPERATING SYSTEMS, INTERNALS AND DESIGN PRINCIPLES

PREFACE

CHAPTER 0 READER'S GUIDE 0.1 Outline of the Book

0.2 Topic Ordering

0.3 Internet and Web Resources



PART ONE BACKGROUND

Chapter 1 Computer System Overview 1.1 Basic Elements

1.2 Processor Registers

1.3 Instruction Execution

1.4 Interrupts

1.5 The Memory Hierarchy

1.6 Cache Memory

1.7 I/O Communication Techniques

1.8 Recommended Reading and Web Sites

1.9 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Appendix 1A Performance Characteristics of Two-Level Memory

Appendix 1B Procedure Control



Chapter 2 Operating System Overview 2.1 Operating System Objectives and Functions

2.2 The Evolution of Operating Systems

2.3 Major Achievements

2.4 Characteristics of Modern Operating Systems

2.5 Windows Vista Overview

2.6 Traditional UNIX Systems

2.7 Modern UNIX Systems

2.8 Linux

2.9 Recommended Reading and Web Sites

2.10 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems





PART TWO PROCESSES

Chapter 3 Process Description and Control 3.1 What is a Process?

3.2 Process States

3.3 Process Description

3.4 Process Control

3.5 UNIX FreeBSD Process Management

3.6 Summary

3.7 Recommended Reading

3.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems



Programming Project 1 Developing a Shell Chapter 4 Threads, SMP, and Microkernels 4.1 Processes and Threads

4.2 Symmetric Multiprocessing (SMP)

4.3 Microkernels

4.4 Windows Vista Thread and SMP Management

4.5 Solaris Thread and SMP Management

4.6 Linux Process and Thread Management

4.7 Summary

4.8 Recommended Reading

4.9 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems



Chapter 5 Concurrency: Mutual Exclusion and Synchronization 5.1 Principles of Concurrency

5.2 Mutual Exclusion: Hardware Support

5.3 Semaphores

5.4 Monitors

5.5 Message Passing

5.6 Readers/Writers Problem

5.7 Summary

5.8 Recommended Reading

5.9 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems



Chapter 6 Concurrency: Deadlock and Starvation 6.1 Principles of Deadlock

6.2 Deadlock Prevention

6.3 Deadlock Avoidance

6.4 Deadlock Detection

6.5 An Integrated Deadlock Strategy

6.6 Dining Philosophers Problem

6.7 UNIX Concurrency Mechanisms

6.8 Linux Kernel Concurrency Mechanisms

6.9 Solaris Thread Synchronization Primitives

6.10 Windows Vista Concurrency Mechanisms

6.11 Summary

6.12 Recommended Reading

6.13 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems





PART THREE MEMORY

Chapter 7 Memory Management 7.1 Memory Management Requirements

7.2 Memory Partitioning

7.3 Paging

7.4 Segmentation

7.5 Summary

7.6 Recommended Reading

7.7 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Appendix 7A Loading and Linking



Chapter 8 Virtual Memory 8.1 Hardware and Control Structures

8.2 Operating System Software

8.3 UNIX and Solaris Memory Management

8.4 Linux Memory Management

8.5 Windows Vista Memory Management

8.6 Summary

8.7 Recommended Reading and Web Sites

8.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Appendix 8A Hash Tables







PART FOUR SCHEDULING

Chapter 9 Uniprocessor Scheduling 9.1 Types of Scheduling

9.2 Scheduling Algorithms

9.3 Traditional UNIX Scheduling

9.4 Summary

9.5 Recommended Reading

9.6 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Appendix 9A Response Time

Appendix 9B Queuing Systems



Programming Project 2 The HOST Dispatcher Shell





Chapter 10 Multiprocessor and Real-Time Scheduling 10.1 Multiprocessor Scheduling

10.2 Real-Time Scheduling

10.3 Linux Scheduling

10.4 UNIX FreeBSD Scheduling

10.5 Windows Vista Scheduling

10.6 Summary

10.7 Recommended Reading

10.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems





PART FIVE INPUT/OUTPUT AND FILES

Chapter 11 I/O Management and Disk Scheduling 11.1 I/O Devices

11.2 Organization of the I/O Function

11.3 Operating System Design Issues

11.4 I/O Buffering

11.5 Disk Scheduling

11.6 RAID

11.7 Disk Cache

11.8 UNIX FreeBSD I/O

11.9 Linux I/O

11.10 Windows Vista I/O

11.11 Summary

11.12 Recommended Reading

11.13 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Appendix 11A Disk Storage Devices



Chapter 12 File Management 12.1 Overview

12.2 File Organization and Access

12.3 File Directories

12.4 File Sharing

12.5 Record Blocking

12.6 Secondary Storage Management

12.7 UNIX File Management

12.8 Linux File Management

12.9 Windows Vista File System

12.10 Summary

12.11 Recommended Reading

12.12 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems





PART SIX EMBEDDED SYSTEMS

Chapter 13 Embedded Operating Systems 13.1 The Role of Embedded Operating Systems

13.2 Embedded OS Requirements

13.3 Scheduling

13.4 Other Embedded OS Functions

13.5 Example System: eCOS

13.6 Example System: TinyOS

13.7 Recommended Reading and Web Sites

13.8 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems







PART SEVEN DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS (ONLINE)

Chapter 14 Networking 14.1 The Need for a Protocol Architecture

14.2 The TCP/IP Protocol Architecture

14.3 Sockets

14.4 Linux Networking

14.5 Summary

14.6 Recommended Reading and Web Sites

14.7 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Appendix 14A The Trivial File Transfer Protocol



Chapter 15 Distributed Processing, Client/Server, and Clusters 15.1 Client/Server Computing

15.2 Distributed Message Passing

15.3 Remote Procedure Calls

15.4 Clusters

15.5 Windows Vista Cluster Server

15.6 Sun Cluster

15.7 Beowulf and Linux Clusters

15.8 Summary

15.9 Recommended Reading

15.10 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems



Chapter 16 Distributed Process Management 16.1 Process Migration

16.2 Distributed Global States

16.3 Distributed Mutual Exclusion

16.4 Distributed Deadlock

16.5 Summary

16.6 Recommended Reading

16.7 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems







PART EIGHT SECURITY (ONLINE)

Chapter 17 Computer Security 17.1 Security Threats

17.2 Protection

17.3 Intruders

17.4 Malicious Software

17.5 Trusted Systems

17.6 Windows Vista Security

17.7 Summary

17.8 Recommended Reading

17.9 Key Terms, Review Questions, and Problems

Appendix 17A Encryption







APPENDICES

Appendix A Topics in Concurrency A.1 Mutual Exclusion: Software Approaches

A.2 Race Conditions and Semaphores

A.3 A Barbershop Problem

A.4 Problems

Appendix B Object-Oriented Design B.1 Motivation

B.2 Object-Oriented Concepts

B.3 Benefits of Object-Oriented Design

B.4 CORBA

B/5 Recommended Reading and Web Site



Appendix C Programming and Operating System Projects C.1 Projects for Teaching Operating Systems

C.2 NACHOS

C.3 Research Projects

C.4 Programming Projects

C.5 Reading/Report Assignments



Appendix D OSP: An Environment for Operating Systems Projects D.1 Overview

D.2 Innovative Aspects of OSP

D.3 Comparison with Other Operating System Courseware



Appendix E BACI: The Ben-Ari Concurrent Programming System E.1 Introduction

E.2 BACI

E.3 Examples of BACI Programs

E.4 BACI Projects

E.5 Enhancements to the BACK System





GLOSSARY



REFERENCES



INDEX



ACRONYMS
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About William Stallings

William Stallings has made a unique contribution to understanding the broad sweep of technical developments in computer networking and computer architecture. He has authored 17 titles, and counting revised editions, a total of 41 books on various aspects of these subjects. In over 20 years in the field, he has been a technical contributor, technical manager, and an executive with several high-technology firms. Currently he is an independent consultant whose clients have included computer and networking manufacturers and customers, software development firms, and leading-edge government research institutions.

He has seven times received the award for the best Computer Science textbook of the year from the Text and Academic Authors Association.

Bill has designed and implemented both TCP/IP-based and OSI-based protocol suites on a variety of computers and operating systems, ranging from microcomputers to mainframes. As a consultant, he has advised government agencies, computer and software vendors, and major users on the design, selection, and use of networking software and products.

As evidence of his commitment to providing a broad range of support to students, Bill created and maintains the Computer Science Student Resource Site at WilliamStallings.com/StudentSupport.html. This site provides documents and links on a variety of subjects of general interest to computer science students (and professionals).

He is a member of the editorial board of Cryptologia, a scholarly journal devoted to all aspects of cryptology. He is a frequent lecturer and author of numerous technical papers. His books include Data and Computer Communications, Eighth Edition (Prentice Hall, 2007), which has become the standard in the field.

Dr. Stallings holds a PhD from M.I.T. in Computer Science and a B.S. from Notre Dame in electrical engineering.
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343 ratings
3.65 out of 5 stars
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3 27% (93)
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1 6% (19)
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