Opera in the Age of Rousseau : Music, Confrontation, Realism
Historians of French politics, art, philosophy and literature have long known the tensions and fascinations of Louis XV's reign, the 1750s in particular. David Charlton's study comprehensively re-examines this period, from Rameau to Gluck and elucidates the long-term issues surrounding opera. Taking Rousseau's Le Devin du Village as one narrative centrepiece, Charlton investigates this opera's origins and influences in the 1740s and goes on to use past and present research to create a new structural model that explains the elements of reform in Gluck's tragedies for Paris. Charlton's book opens many new perspectives on the musical practices and politics of the period, including the Querelle des Bouffons. It gives the first detailed account of intermezzi and opere buffe performed by Eustachio Bambini's troupe at the Paris Opera from August 1752 to February 1754 and discusses Rameau's comedies Platee and Les Paladins and their origins.
- Electronic book text
- 08 Nov 2012
- CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
- Cambridge, United Kingdom
- 17 b/w illus. 55 tables 100 music examples
Table of contents
Part I. Princely Theatre: 1. Palaces and patronage: Le Devin and the 1754 Alceste; 2. Acting: from convention to discipline; 3. The Opera: cycles versus changes; 4. The reality of pastoral, 1742-52; 5. Le Devin du Village: a contextual enquiry; Part II. Opinion: 6. Opera as a subject of debate; 7. The Querelle: 'two ridiculous theses'; 8. Visions of reform; Part III. Italian Opera for Paris: 9. Travelling opera; 10. 'A real kick in the backside': Bambini's performances and their effect; 11. Creative consequences; Part IV. Towards European Integration: 12. New generations, new tastes; 13. In three acts: from Zaide to Les Paladins; 14. In three acts: the replacement of Rameau.
'The result of over a decade's research into the operatic culture of Louis XV's reign and a lifetime of careful scholarship.' The Times Literary Supplement 'Opera in the Age of Rousseau shines not only in its insightful tour through familiar polemics but also in its awareness of generic and stylistic trends that figure all too infrequently in scholarship on French staged works from this period ... [Charlton's] study highlights the vigour and realism with which Rousseau and his colleagues turned to opera; it also emphasizes the rewards awaiting any modern musicologist who confronts these repertories alongside their volatile reception histories.' Gina Rivera, Eighteenth-Century Music '[This book] comes as close as possible to describing what French 'musical Enlightenment' might be ... [It] traces the subtleties of musical innovation, the shifts of public opinion, and the institutional, financial and aesthetic pressures that pushed opera in new directions.' Downing A. Thomas, French Studies 'Charlton's book advances deeply into new territory ... and reveals wholly new insights into French eighteenth-century opera, dealing with the numerous elements of its existence as well as its development ... His book compels the greatest admiration.' Herbert Schneider, Il Saggiatore musicale '... a major contribution to our understanding of musical life in late eighteenth-century France ... will certainly stand as the new reference work in the field.' Martin Wahlberg, Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies 'Opera in the Age of Rousseau, with its valuable descriptions, analyses, illustrations, and generous musical examples, will be an indispensable addition to any dix-huitiemiste's library.' Georgia J. Cowart, Journal of the American Musicological Society 'This is a panoramic presentation of the areas which matter for the evolution of the opera between 1750 and 1777, but a presentation which is made in splendid detail, one that greatly adds to our understanding of this art.' Marian Hobson, translated from Recherches sur Diderot et sur l'Encyclopedie 'Charlton appraises dramatic, linguistic and musical elements through close readings of scores and libretti ... [He offers] major contributions to understanding music on the stage.' Matthew Head, Cambridge Opera Journal 'Opera in the Age of Rousseau is a substantial and much-needed reexamination of a period of history that Richard Taruskin identified as 'until recently the most systematically neglected span of years in the whole history of European 'fine-art' music' ... The book will serve as an essential resource for scholars and graduate students interested in Rousseau, Bambini's bouffons troupe, and operatic practice during the Ancien Regime ... a massive achievement.' Jacek Blaszkiewicz, Notes: The Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association 'Charlton's fluid and energetic style will make light work of this read ... Opera in the Age of Rousseau should occupy a prominent space on university and personal library shelves for many years.' Erik Paffett, Music Research Forum 'The tables given in the work are in themselves an outstanding resource, based on wide and deep archival research, statistical study and reconstruction of repertory. Overall, this is a breakthrough study ...' Mark Darlow, 1650-1850: Ideas, Aesthetics, and Inquiries in the Early Modern Era
About David Charlton
David Charlton is Professor Emeritus, Music History, at Royal Holloway, University of London. He is a regular contributor to conferences and has sat on the Council of the Royal Musical Association and the Comite International Hector Berlioz. He has published widely on the history of opera and his books include Gretry and the Growth of Opera-Comique (1986), E. T. A. Hoffmann's Musical Writings (1989), French Opera, 1730-1830 (2000) and The Cambridge Companion to Grand Opera (as editor, 2003).