The Open Door Era: United States Foreign Policy in the Twentieth Century 2017

The Open Door Era: United States Foreign Policy in the Twentieth Century 2017

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In 1899, U.S. Secretary of State John Hay wrote six world powers calling for an 'Open Door' in China that would guarantee equal trading opportunities, curtail colonial annexation, and prevent conflict in the Far East. Within a year, the region had succumbed to renewed colonisation and war, but despite the apparent failure of Hay's diplomacy, the ideal of the Open Door emerged as the central component of U.S. foreign policy in the twentieth century. Just as visions of 'Manifest Destiny' shaped continental expansion in the nineteenth century, Woodrow Wilson used the Open Door to make the case for a world 'safe for democracy', Franklin Roosevelt developed it to inspire the fight against totalitarianism and imperialism, and Cold War containment policy envisioned international communism as the latest threat to a global system built upon peace, openness, and exchange. In a concise yet wide-ranging examination of its origins and development, readers will discover how the idea of the Open Door came to define the American Century.Key Features:Uncovers the ideological wellspring of U.S. foreign policy in the twentieth centuryPresents debates over U.S. foreign policy, including the 'Wisconsin School' critique of the Open Door as a mechanism of informal empireReveals both the consistency of U.
S. foreign policy thinking and offers a deeper context to critical foreign policy decisionsContextulises the roots of contemporary U.S. policy
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Product details

  • Hardback | 224 pages
  • 138 x 216 x 20.32mm | 385.55g
  • Edinburgh, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 7 black and white illustrations
  • 1474401309
  • 9781474401302

Review quote

In this engaging book, Michael Cullinane and Alex Goodall forensically dissect and analyse one of the great shibboleths of U.S. foreign relations. Though the Open Door arose from enlightened ideas of international engagement, the authors demonstrate both its limits when it came to policy implementation and how it became a contested symbol for critics at home and beyond. Jay Sexton, Kinder Institute Chair, University of Missouri
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About Michael Patrick Cullinane

Michael Patrick Cullinane is Reader in US History at Northumbria University and the author of Liberty and American Anti-Imperialism, 1898-1909 and co-editor of US Foreign Policy and the Other.Alex Goodall is a Senior Lecturer in International History at UCL and the author of Loyalty and Liberty: American Countersubversion from World War One to the McCarthy Era.
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