On the Dentition and Osteology of the Maltese Fossil Elephants; Being a Description of Remains Discovered by the Author in Malta Between the Years 1860 and 1866

On the Dentition and Osteology of the Maltese Fossil Elephants; Being a Description of Remains Discovered by the Author in Malta Between the Years 1860 and 1866

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1874 edition. Excerpt: ...is quite developed, the same being apparently wanting in the African; there is, moreover, a decided rudimentary third trochanter. Altogether the femur may be said to partake, as regards its head, of the Asiatic, whilst the trochanteric pit, shaft, and condyles resemble the African. (B Series.) With reference to the femur (PI. XIV. figs. 3 & 3 a), unfortunately there is little in a sufficient state of integrity to admit of accurate comparisons, excepting the condyles. These do not seem to differ from the large form and E. africanus; the patellar sulcus (fig. 3 a), however, would seem to be deeper than 2 a. Again, in the large form and also the Asiatic and Mammoth, the anterior surface, just above the condyles, is narrow as compared with the African; and the femur (fig. 3) suddenly deepens at the point b, forming a digital pit and flat surface, whereas at b in fig. 2 it is shallower with a rounded surface. Young and immature Femora. 1. The specimen shown by PI. XXI. fig. 18 represents the proximal extremity, and, as far as characters are concerned, seems to me an exact resemblance of the adult femur Plate XIV. fig. 1. 1 See these distinctions in Cuvier, Ossem. Fossil, pI. xi., and Blainville, Osteograph. vol. iii. pl. vi., and British-Museum specimen 708 h. Although the head and great trochanter are wanting, it is apparent that the contour of these parts, as in the above, resembles the Asiatic Elephant rather than the African, as seen by the relative breadth of the head and the shallower digital pit. Again, like the African, it is flat on the posterior aspect; and the rudimentary trochanter minor -, as in the old bone, forms a rough prominence on the posterior and internal border. Further, looking at the epiphysial surface and its outline...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 62 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 3mm | 127g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236605179
  • 9781236605177