Excerpt from The Ohio Educational Monthly, Vol. 15: A Journal of School and Home Education; July, 1866
Taking, then, the pure Simple sentence as distinguished from a sentence complicated with extraneous elements, and also from the compound sentence, we find at once that in every proper thought there are the two distinct elements, the matter of which we think - the datum to thought, and the thought, the thinking act itself. The thought, the thinking, in the primitive form is a judgment, a judging; and to this element is given the technical name of the copula. The matter in every judgment or sentence is of two parts: that of which we think and that which we think, familiarly distinguished as the subject and the predicate. These three are, then, the primary co-essential elements of every proper sentence, each necessary to the sentence, each a distinct and in thought a separate element.
The copula, as the proper vital element of the sentence, fur nishes the primary distinctions. The judgment which it expresses may be presented either as completed or as still unsettled and immature, giving rise to the distinction of categorical sentences in which the judgment is represented as complete, and interroga tive sentences in which it is not fully resolved - that is, is still balancing, in doubt.
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