Official Report of the United States' Expedition to Explore the Dead Sea and the River Jordan
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1852 edition. Excerpt: ...formations lower down as well as to those west of Hasbeiya and nearer the bottom of the valley. The town of Hasbeiya is intersected by several ravines. North of these a stratified limestone is seen dipping west by north. From a quarry near this, slabs are obtained which are much used for roofing and other purposg. The principal ravine descends two or three miles in a direction somewhat south of west, and meets another from the north, which comes down the main Wady et-Teim. Both of these were well filled with water (June 8, 1848) the former especially, which was in some places 40 feet wide. Between Hasbeiya and the junction of these streams, the limestone dips vary from 30 to 70 and even 80 N. W. The steeper strata were intermixed with siliceous and slaty beds and seem to have owed their plunging positions to the inclinations of the surface on which they were precipitated. Yet the cause may after all be the unequal action of the subterraneous uplifting forces. Fragments of weather-worn trap lay thinly strewn along the road. The torrent-beds are fringed with oleanders, willows, poplars and olive trees, and a number of mills and mill-races give some animation to the scene. The bitumen pits, Biyar" - el-Hummar, lie in a formation of bituminous limestone, interstratified with a limestone containing but very little of organic matter. An average specimen of the former gave on analysis, in 100 parts, Carbonate of Lime, ....... 77.36 Bituminous matter, ... 10.00 Insoluble matter, .... 6.00 Alumina and Oxide of Iron, 5.60 Carbonate of Magnesia, ...88 99.84 M. The other limestone was chalky with small thin-shelled Ostraeac, probably Ostraea Scapha. It contained many flinty seams. Of these some were remarkable for the abrupt discontinuance of...
- Paperback | 122 pages
- 189 x 246 x 7mm | 231g
- 04 Jul 2012
- Miami Fl, United States
- Illustrations, black and white