The Observances in Use at the Augustinian Priory of S. Giles and S. Andrew at Barnwell, Cambridgeshire

The Observances in Use at the Augustinian Priory of S. Giles and S. Andrew at Barnwell, Cambridgeshire

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The Priory of St Giles and St Andrew, Barnwell, was among the earliest English communities of Augustinian canons, founded by the sheriff of Cambridge in 1092. Although little survives of its buildings, its records form a significant source for both Cambridge and Augustinian history. The Observances, translated and edited in 1897 by J. W. Clark, form the eighth book of the late thirteenth-century Liber Memorandorum, also reissued in this series. The fourth-century Rule of St Augustine is a short and general guide to community life, and needed to be supplemented by a fuller set of instructions for the day-to-day running of the complex organisation which comprised a medieval monastery. The Observances provide detail about the roles played by all the officials of the priory and about the daily cycle of work and prayer, and give the modern reader a real insight into medieval monastic life.
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Table of contents

Introduction: 1. The manuscript; 2. History and description of Barnwell Priory; 3. Constitution of the house; 4. A monastic day; 5. The structure of the hours; 6. The Rule; Appendix of Premonstratensian Statutes; The Rule of St. Augustine; The Second Rule; Observances: 1. A short treatise on the Observances of Canons Regular in accordance with a Rule; 2. Of the ways that lead to the earthly Jerusalem; 3. Of the ways that lead to the heavenly Jerusalem; 4. What is the way of Canons Regular; 5. Of the advantage of Observances in accordance with a Rule; 6. Of the reverence due to the Prelate; 7. Of the behaviour of the Prelate; 8. Of the labour of the Prelate in temporal matters; 9. How the Prelate is to be reproved if he fall into error; 10. Of the Provost who is called Sub-Prior; 11. Of the resignation of the Sub-Prior; 12. Of the Third Prior; 13. Of the office of Precentor; 14. Of the safe-keeping of the books, and of the office of Librarian; 15. Of the office of Sacrist and Matricularius; 16. Of observance in the Quire according to the Rule; 17. That all ought to be present at the canonical Hours; 18. How brethren ought to rise for Mattins; 19. How they ought to behave at the secondary service; 20. How brethren ought to rise, and of the Mass of the Blessed Virgin; 21. Of the Morning Mass; 22. Of High Mass, and of the priest for the week; 23. Of the Deacon and the Sub-Deacon; 24. Of the reception of Novices; 25. Of the clothing and instruction of Novices; 26. Of the year of probation; 27. Of the method of profession; 28. Of the places and times of silence; 29. Of the Chapter; 30. Of Processions; 31. Of the office of Fraterer; 32. How brethren ought to behave in the Frater; 33. Of the Dorter; 34. Of the respect due to the convent; 35. Of the Almoner and his kindness; 36. Of the things that pertain to the Almoner; 37. Of the office of Chief Cellarer; 38. Of the office of Sub-Cellarer; 39. Of the Kitchener; 40. Of the Grainger, and of the Receivers; 41. Of the Hosteller; 42. Of the office of Chamberlain; 43. Of brethren who have been bled; 44. Of the Master of the Farmery; 45. Of three kinds of sick persons; 46. Of extreme unction; 47. Of the Stationaries; 48. Of the death of a brother; 49. What is to be done for a dead Canon; 50. What is to be done at the death of a Canon on probation; 51. Of S. Gregory's trental; 52. Of lay-brethren; 53. What a lay-brother is to say for Mattins, and the rest of the Hours; 54. Of the confession and communion of lay-brethren; 55. Of the profession of lay-brethren; 56. Of the death of a lay-brother; 57. On the conclusion of this work; Glossary; Index.
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