Numerical Reasoning in Judgments and Decision Making about Health

Numerical Reasoning in Judgments and Decision Making about Health

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Description

Every day thousands of individuals need to make critical decisions about their health based on numerical information, yet recent surveys have found that over half the population of the United States is unable to complete basic math problems. How does this lack of numerical ability (also referred to as low numeracy, quantitative illiteracy or statistical illiteracy) impact healthcare? What can be done to help people with low numeracy skills? Numerical Reasoning in Judgments and Decision Making about Health addresses these questions by examining and explaining the impact of quantitative illiteracy on healthcare and in specific healthcare contexts, and discussing what can be done to reduce these healthcare disparities. This book will be a useful resource for professionals in many health fields including academics, policy makers, physicians and other healthcare providers.show more

Product details

  • Electronic book text
  • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
  • Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • 25 b/w illus. 21 tables
  • 1139990357
  • 9781139990356

Table of contents

Introduction Britta L. Anderson and Jay Schulkin; 1. Measuring numeracy Edward T. Cokely, Saima Ghazal and Rocio Garcia-Retamero; 2. Collective statistical illiteracy in health Jan Multmeier, Wolfgang Gaissmaier and Odette Wegwarth; 3. Physicians' understanding and use of numeric information Britta L. Anderson and Jay Schulkin; 4. Patient numeracy: what do patients need to recognize, think, or do with health numbers? Brian J. Zikmund-Fisher, Gillian Mayman and Angela Fagerlin; 5. Application of numeracy in diabetes mellitus chronic disease care Jillian Berkman and Kerri L. Cavanaugh; 6. Numeracy and genetic screening Stephanie Dukhovny and Louise Wilkins-Haug; 7. Using visual aids to help people with low numeracy make better decisions Rocio Garcia-Retamero and Edward T. Cokely; 8. Anticipating barriers to the communication of critical information Ellen Peters; 9. Rational healthcare Ronald Paulus and Walter F. Stewart; 10. A review of theories of numeracy: psychological mechanisms and implications for medical decision making Valerie F. Reyna and Priscila G. Brust-Renck; 11. Do the numbers help patients decide? Ethical and empirical challenges for evaluating the impact of quantitative information Peter H. Schwartz; Conclusion Britta L. Anderson and Jay Schulkin.show more

About Britta L. Anderson

Britta L. Anderson is a Research Associate at the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Jay Schulkin is the Senior Director of Research in the Division of Practice at the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. He is also a Research Professor of Neuroscience at Georgetown University and Research Professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Washington.show more

Review quote

'This topic is highly relevant to efforts at improving the application of evidence-based medicine, as well as patient adherence and patient empowerment through collaborative decision-making. Teaching physicians about numeracy and providing them with practical ways of enhancing patient numeracy are also extremely useful contributions to the literature.' Charles J. Lockwood, The Ohio State University College of Medicine 'This book now stands as the definitive collection of thinking - both theoretical and applied - on the relationship between numerical reasoning and medical decision-making. A marvellous collection of chapters, each of which stand strong on their own, but that also come together as more than the sum (I had to make a math reference!) of their parts.' Peter A. Ubel, Duke University, North Carolinashow more