No Separate Refuge

No Separate Refuge : Culture, Class, and Gender on an Anglo-Hispanic Frontier in the American Southwest, 1880-1940

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Long after the Mexican-American War brought the Southwest under the United States flag, Anglos and Hispanics within the region continued to struggle for dominion. From the arrival of railroads through the height of the New Deal, Sarah Deutsch explores the cultural and economic strategies of Anglos and Hispanics as they competed for territory, resources, and power, and examines the impact this struggle had on Hispanic work, community, and gender patterns. Based on an award winning dissertation, this book analyzes the intersection of culture, class, and gender at disparate sites on the Anglo-Hispanic frontier-Hispanic villages, coal mining towns, and sugar beet districts in Colorado and New Mexico-showing that throughout the region there existed a vast network of migrants, linked by common experience and by kinship. Devoting particular attention to the role of women in cross-cultural interaction, No Separate Refuge brings to light 80 years of Southwestern history that saw Hispanic work transformed, community patterns shifted, and gender roles critically altered. Drawing on personal interviews, school census and missionary records, private letters, and a wealth of other records, Deutsch traces developments from one state to the next, and from one decade to the next, providing an important contribution to the history of the Southwest, race relations, labor, agriculture, women, and Chicanos.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 368 pages
  • 139.7 x 205.74 x 22.86mm | 408.23g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • Reprint
  • 0195060733
  • 9780195060737

Review quote

A careful and scholarly work which manages at the same time to display a humane and respectful attitude towards the community it is examining. Bulletin of Hispanic Studies Well-documented yet animated discussion of forces that affected Chicano community labor, family, women Excellent source, not only on... gender-class-ethnicity in the modern U.S. West, but also because part of the research was conducted here in Weld County, Colorado. Michael Welsh, University of Northern Colorado An important and much needed contribution to the growing historical literature on Chicano workers. International Labor and Working Class History Excellent source on several topics: women, the Southwest, Hispanic history. Michael Welsh, Univ. of Northern Colorado Unique...highly original interpretations...yield first rate revisionist scholarship. As a social history monograph, the book is thoroughly documented and skillfully organized, and the interpretive insights should encourage social theorists of migration, gender, and community to recast many assumptions. International Migration Review The research is thorough; the scholarship is impressive. The Historian A marvelous social history...No Separate Refuge sparkles with historical and geographical insight and creativity...a marvel. Journal of Historical Geography Impressive...An important book that merits the attention of scholars in southwestern, frontier, and community history as well as those in women's studies and in the various social sciences. Southwestern Historical Quarterly In an extremely well organized and lucid study, Deutsch traces Southwestern Hispanics, as their migrations expand community and produce several different cultural frontiers...Gracefully written...her synthesis maps out a cultural motif that brings new meaning to the contours of western history. Reviews in American History An impressive addition to the work on Hispanic and Chicano society in the Southwest. Her work raises important issues and will help to shape further research and discussion in several related areas of nineteenth and early twentieth century social history. Journal of Social History An excellent book. The author's research is impressive. The use of an interaction framework to explain Anglo-Mexican relations is executed well. Deutsch's weaving of economic, social, and feminist history is a "tour de force" in American social history. Luis Leobardo Arroyo, Stanford University Deutsch has made an important contribution to the history of the West, Chicanos, and the family. Firmly grounded in social science and Chicano history, her book demonstrates just how subtle and complex were the ways in which Anglo Americans conquered the American West a process that is not done yet. In this pacesetting book, Sarah Deutsch brings social history, women's history, Chicano history, labor history, and western American history into a logical, long-needed convergence. Exploring the development and decline of a 'regional community' of Hispanic people extending from northern New Mexico into Colorado, Deutsch make a persuasive case for the central significance of women in the processes of conquest, economic and cultural subordination, and social change...With exhaustive research in many sources, Deutsch has produced an important study, one of the first major efforts in western American history to give 'culture, class, and gender' each its due. American Historical Review Sarah Deutsch's important study of culture, class, and gender in the American Southwest...underscores the complexity of the historical role of Chicanos...Deutsch's focus on Hispano women is a major contribution to Chicano history...[and] to western and southwestern historiography. It represents an innovative and courageous effort to unravel complex questions. Journal of American History No Separate Refuge contributes significantly to our understanding of women in the American West...Offers much-needed information about the experience of Chicanos in rural areas of the American Southwest, particularly Hispanic communities in New Mexico and Colorado. Oral History Review In writing this very readable history of the Hispanic experience in northern New Mexico and Colorado, Deutsch has broken new ground in a number of significant ways...Most important...she challenges past stereotypes of Hispanics as isolated, static, inflexible, paternalistic, and passive...She has opened new chapters in the history of Southwestern race relations, agriculture, labor, and women's history. Journal of Interdisciplinary History Rarely are regional studies as successful in addressing broader historical questions as Deutsch's examination of the Hispanic community in northern New Mexico and Colorado from 1880 to 1940...In the process of describing the dynamics of an evolving strategy of adjustment, Deutsch provides fresh insights and demolishes stereotypes, particularly illuminating the central role of women in Hispanic village life. An innovative and expert blend of social and regional history, the book is solidly based on an unusually broad range of sources. Choice Her focus on northern New Mexico village women contributes significantly to our understanding of western women's history...Anyone interested in women's history and Southwest ethnic relations will want to read Deutsch's work. Journal of Economic History An excellent monograph that breaks new ground in southwestern history. Albert Camarillo, Stanford University A work of great range, detail and originality, full of dynamic interpretive strategies which are revisionist and revelatory and draw on a splendidly diverse array of sources. Nancy Cott, Yale University Sets a new standard in the writing of the social history of American communities. Nell Irvin Painter, University of North Carolina A rich and well-researched history...Deutsch's study is well worth reading, not only for its portrayal of Manito culture in New Mexico and its expansion into Colorado, but most importantly, because she places gender considerations at the core of historical inquiry about an ethnic and racial social system. Newsletter of the Center for Research on Women Anyone interested in women's history and Southwest ethnic relations will want to read Deutsch's work. Journal of Economic Historyshow more

About Sarah Deutsch

Sarah Deutsch is the Associate Professor of History, Clark Universityshow more

Rating details

36 ratings
3.41 out of 5 stars
5 8% (3)
4 39% (14)
3 39% (14)
2 14% (5)
1 0% (0)
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