Nigeria's Critical Election

Nigeria's Critical Election : 2011

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Elections have been central to regime collapse in Nigeria because they neither passed the test of citizens' acceptability nor electoral neutrality. They always pushed the country to a dangerous brink which she has often survived after serious constitutional and political bruises. The general election of 1964 rocked the delicate balance of the country resulting in the military coup of January 15, 1966 and a thirty month civil war. The subsequent effort of the military at restructuring the country did not go far enough to win the civic confidence of the people. The military availed itself of another opportunity of tinkering with the system in 1993. However, it demonstrated that it was not immune to civic dishonesty when it annulled the widely acclaimed free and fair presidential election in June 12, 1993. By fits and starts, Nigeria held another election in 1999 which was tolerated only because of citizens' fatigue of military rule. The elections of 2003 and 2007 were classic examples of make-belief democracy. The feeding of inequity and, if you will, domination, persisted. A combination of fortune, trickery and arm twisting produced a power shift in favour of Dr. Goodluck Ebele Azikwe Jonathan in April 2011. The subsequent attempt by the north to create a strategic consensus did not save it from being pushed into fringe politics forcing some of its spokespersons to vow that they will make governance impossible. The election was better than the worst but much still remains to be done.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 348 pages
  • 160.02 x 231.14 x 33.02mm | 680.39g
  • Lexington Books
  • Lanham, MD, United States
  • English
  • 0739175882
  • 9780739175880

About John A. Ayoade

John Adebunmi Ayoade, until his retirement in 2008, was a Professor of Political Science at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. He holds a B.A. (Honours) Degree and PhD of the same University. He taught Nigerians Politics, among other courses, at the University of Ibadan and the University of Pennsylvania. He was also a Visiting Lecturer at Williams College, Massachusetts, Adjunct Faculty, Villanova University, and Senior African Fulbright Scholar, African Studies Centre, Boston University. He is a Member of the prestigious National Institute for Policy ad Strategic Studies, Kuru, Nigeria. Professor Ayoade who served on the 2005 Nigeria National Political Reform Conference was at various times Chair of the Department and later Dean of the Faculty of the Social Sciences. He was President of the Nigerian Political Science Association. Adeoye A. Akinsanya, a Professor of Political Science at the Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nasarawa State, Nigeria holds a B.Sc Political Science, Summa Cum Laude of the University of Ibadan, Ibadan: M.A. and Ph.D Political Science of the University of Chicago and an MPA of The University of Pittsburgh. Professor Akinsanya who taught at the Universities of Lagos, South Carolina, Ilorin, Calabar and Uyo as well as the Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State and the Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna. A recipient of the Ford Foundation Fellowship, Commonwealth University Academic Staff Fellowship, University of Ibadan Post-Graduate Scholarship, University of Pittsburgh Pre-Doctoral Fellowship, World Society Foundation Fellowship, Visiting Research Fellowship at the Institute for Developing Economics, Tokyo and Senior African Fulbright Fellowship at the SAIS, The John Hopkins University, Washington DC. Professor Akinsanya has published widely in the fields of Political Economy, Public International Law, African Politics and Administrative Law.show more

Review quote

Nigeria's Critical Election, 2011, is one of most detailed, informative and refreshingly original and coherent edited books on Nigeria in recent years. Written by the gurus of Nigerian political studies and the emergent new stars in the Nigerian political science establishment, the essays analyze different dimensions of how and why Nigeria's 2011 general elections was a watershed and a trigger to future political events. The contributors painstakingly dissect the power-shift that occurred without Northern consent, the purveyor of decline of Northern hegemony and the ascendancy of the South; the role of the South-South in this feat; and the fair weather politics in the states (Abia, Imo, Bayelsa, Kwara, even Lagos). The nature and implications of fair weather politics receive a fine analytic comb: the kaleidoscopic alliances of former antagonists against former friends that depict Imo and Abia politicians as mere rent seekers and their politics as serious speculative 'business'; the implosion of the PDP in Bayelsa and elsewhere; the destruction of entrenched Godfather structures and relationships epitomized by the biological father versus biological son versus biological sister in Kwara state; the demonstration of people power in the electoral defeats of once revered political heavyweights in Ogun State PDP; and the post-election violence in some Northern states, including intensified Boko Haram insurgency. Also under the microscope is the emergent electoral map of Nigeria, not really new but one in which the voter is actually the ultimate cartographer : south-south as a single party PDP zone, South-West as ACN zone with Labor's finger in the pie; South-East a bitter two-party PDP and APGA zone, though in alliance at the Federal level. The North-West is now a single party zone, thanks to the defection in Kebbi and the construction of a New PDP in Sokoto. The North-Central Zone is also a single party zone with the routing of the ANPP in Kano State. The North-East is a two party zone in which Borno and Yobe States have held out against the PDP since the restoration of 'democratic' governance in May 1999. Ayoade and Akinsanya point out in their discerning conclusion that these changes have heightened the debate about the contradiction in the structure of governance in the country and the despondency that is silently creating an ominous disquiet in the land and may result in a deafening bang in 2015. They advise the political class to retreat to the path of political rectitude so that 'this house' of three sixty-five windows may not fall. Nigeria's Critical Election 2011, is a compelling must-read for anyone-student, expert, practitioner, the general reader-who seeks insight into the earth-shaking transformations quietly occurring in Nigeria. -- Olatunde Ojo, University of Port Harcourtshow more

Table of contents

Chapter 1: Nigerian Electoral Geography Since 1999 Stanley I. Okafor Chapter 2: Zoning of Political Offices in Nigerian: Patriotism or Plunder? John A. Ayoade Chapter 3: Electoral Infrastructure: INEC and the Electoral Law Adeoye A. Akinsanya and Linda Kwon-Ndung Chapter 4: Voters' Registration and Voters' Turnout Remi Anifowose and Emmanuel Onah Chapter 5: Sour Friendship: Electoral Politics in Imo and Abia States. 2007 - 2011 Nkolika E. Obianyo Chapter 6: Politics, Friends and Foes in Bayelsa State Henry Alapiki Chapter 7: Deadly Gladiators: Case Study of Oyo Politics Tunde Oyekanmi Chapter 8: Godfather Politics: The Collapse of Saraki Dynasty in Kwara State Politics Emmanuel E. Ojo and Ebenezer E. Lawal Chapter 9: The Elections in Lagos State As A Political Monologue Abubakar Momoh Chapter 10: The Battle of the Titans: Ogun State Politics Gboyega Akinsanmi Chapter 11: The Judiciary and Democracy in Nigeria: An Independent Messenger Elijah A. Taiwo Chapter 12: Curbing Electoral Violence in Nigeria Remi Anifowose and Adelaja O. Odukoya Chapter 13: Conclusion John A. Ayoade and Adeoye A. Akinsanyashow more