New Wars and New Soldiers

New Wars and New Soldiers : Military Ethics in the Contemporary World

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Description

Bringing together contributors from philosophy, international relations, security studies, and strategic studies, New Wars and New Soldiers offers a truly interdisciplinary analysis reflective of the nature of modern warfare. This comprehensive approach allows the reader to see the broad scope of modern military ethics, and to understand the numerous questions about modern conflict that require critical scrutiny. Aimed at both military and academic audiences, this paperback will be of significant interest to researchers and students in philosophy, sociology, military and strategic studies, international relations, politics, and security studies, acting as an ideal course text or as supplementary reading.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 296 pages
  • 159 x 235 x 15.75mm | 544g
  • Ashgate Publishing Limited
  • United Kingdom
  • English
  • Reprint
  • Includes 1 b&w illustration
  • 1409453472
  • 9781409453475
  • 61,402

Table of contents

Contents: Introduction, Paolo Tripodi and Jessica Wolfendale; Part I New Visions of Just War Theory: 'New wars', terrorism, and just war theory, Jessica Wolfendale; Just war, irregular war, and terrorism, Stephen Coleman; The jus post bellum, C.A.J. (Tony) Coady. Part II Humanitarian Intervention: High-fliers: who should bear the risk of humanitarian intervention?, Gerhard A~verland; On a duty of humanitarian intervention, David Lefkowitz. Part III New Technologies in the Battlefield: Emerging military technologies: a case study in neurowarfare, Nicholas Evans; Robotic weapons and the future of war, Robert Sparrow. Part IV New Actors in the Battlefield: Ethics and mercenaries, Uwe Steinhoff; Ethics and the human terrain: the ethics of military anthropology, George R. Lucas Jr; To whom does a private military commander owe allegiance?, Deane-Peter Baker. Part V Combat Behavior and Training: Deconstructing the evil zone: how ordinary individuals can commit atrocities, Paolo Tripodi; Psychological foundations of unethical actions in military operations, J. Peter Bradley; Moral formation of the strategic corporal, Rebecca J. Johnson; Loyalty and professionalization in the military, Peter Olsthoorn; Index.
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Review quote

'It is supremely difficult to "teach" ethics - and equally important to do so. These essays are accessible, diverse, intriguing. On one level they show us troublesome issues of the globe's newest contest grounds peopled with mercenaries, illegals, terrorists, and innocent civilians. At their best, these chapters help us with what contributor Rebecca Johnson thoughtfully calls "moral capacity building for irregular warfare".' Christopher C. Harmon, Marine Corps University, USA and author of Terrorism Today 'Tripodi and Wolfendale have brought together a multidisciplinary team of authors to address a wide range of ethical dilemmas faced by soldiers in the new missions conducted in unconventional battlefields. Readable, wide ranging and engaging, this book analyses the ways in which the principles of military ethics can be applied to contemporary warfare and reminds us that this subject should not be neglected in the education of today's soldiers.' Christopher Dandeker, King's College London, UK 'Aimed at both military and academic audiences, the book strikes a nice balance between scholarly rigour and practical relevance. Its chapters are grouped into several main themes: discussions of the continued relevance of 'just war theory'; the implicit and explicit obligations of nations that engage in humanitarian intervention; the ethical implications of new technologies and new actors in the battlespace; and finally a 'rubber-hits-the-road' examination of the implications of all this for combat behaviour, leadership and training... thoughtful and provocative... I commend this book to professional readers at all levels, and particularly senior leaders.' Australian Defence Force Journal 'Warfare has undergone a radical transformation in recent decades. The objectives of war; the agents of war; the targets and victims of war; the methods and weapons of war; and the nature of the battlefield have all changed. New Wars and New Soldiers not only subjects these various developments to much-needed ethical scrutiny; it also explores their implications for the normative frameworks that have traditionally been applied in evaluating recourse to war, conduct in war, and post-war relations... This short review cannot do justice to the impressive breadth of Tripodi and Wolfendale's collection... The volume features [...] useful insights and recommendations regarding the education and training of troops. What is more impressive is that this scope does not come at the expense of depth and detail. Tripodi and Wolfendale have produced one of the most enlightening, dynamic, and cutting-edge collections on military ethics in recent memory.' Journal of Battlefield Technology 'People today live in a time of chronic, disturbing warfare, with a collective sense of helplessness in the face of atrocity. Chastened by the terrible events in Somalia, Rwanda, Srebrenica, and Kosovo, and challenged by surprising developments in modern warfare, well-qualified contributors in philosophy and military affairs here provide valuable insights about a range of new, relatively unknown ethical concerns. Replete with detailed descriptions and sophisticated discussions, this excellent book examines, among other topics, the terrible conditions that young men and women thrown into combat face when dealing with invisible enemies. They must balance acts of courage in the face of terror with instant shifts into compassionate behavior toward wounded children and brutalized civilians who speak a different language and who deeply distrust Westerners. This book also addresses the distressing transformation of ordinary people into cruel torturers; the development of long-range robotic weapons; research in "neuro-warfare"; the increasing presence of journalists and anthropologists on the battlefield; and the recent increase in military corporations acting as mercenaries. This valuable set of essays will benefit anyone perplexed about the global war on terrorism, the inequality of military power, and the moral principles of just war theory and preventive wars. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Lower-level undergraduates through professionals/practitioners; general readers.' Choice 'This book brings together experts on military ethics to contribute to this debate and to discuss the new challenges of the twenty-first century that have arisen that question the validity of the just war tradition in an era of globalization and the changing nature of the military's role... Overall this is a very good book. It is thought provoking and challenging, which should lead to further debate on the subject. The book is easily accessible to the reader, as it is well written with concise chapters. This book should be of interest to the military, security personnel, academics, and students studying in the fields of international relations, security studies, politics, history, sociology, and philosophy. I recommend this book.' Democracy and Security 'This book seeks to interpret ethical risks, in contemporary times, for one of humankind's oldest and most destructive endeavours: warfare. What is being placed under the microscope is the seemingly oxymoronic phenomenon of military ethics, which the editors define as a discipline covering many issues, 'from states' rights, to when and how military force may be deployed, to whether or not military forces can ever intentionally cause the deaths of civilians'. All these critical issues are robustly debated in this important book.' New Zealand International Review '... a very interesting and thought provoking collection of papers... this is an essential book for those in the military profession or for research and teaching academics interested in the vast array of ethical questions being asked about modern conflict.' Australian Army Journal 'I have to admit that as a rule I'm not a fan of edited collections. All too often they lack cohesion and are rarely more than the sum of their individual parts. This is not the case with New Wars and New Soldiers. Each of the chapters stand on their own, especially those in the final section that deal with combat behaviour and training, but the book's underlying premise provides the collection with a clear sense of structure and direction...' Ethics and Foreign Policy Blog 'This collection of essays on current topics in the morality of war features a series on uniformly excellent papers in five main topic areas: new approaches to classical just war theory, humanitarian intervention, new combat technologies, new actors on the battlefield and the training of combatants... The sections on new technologies and new actors in battle provide some of the most cutting-edge discussions, tackling the use of remotely controlled weapons, human assisted neural devices, artificial intelligence-assisted robots in battle, private military companies, and the presence of non-military social scientists in the combat zone. All of these essays provide a much needed detail to new, and important, issues in the current military landscape.' Political Studies Review '... Tripodi and Wolfendale present essays that challenge the assumptions as to who should bear the risks of such interventions, and whether there is an actual moral obligation to intervene in the first place. Readers will benefit from the perspectives offered... New Wars and New Soldiers provides additional insight into the nature of the wars we are likely to face and the ethical decisions that will have to be made, both prior to engaging in conflict and during the fighting. It thus covers a great deal of ground, offering the reader a wide range of areas on which to concentrate. The chapters run between ten and twenty pages, each offering a unique perspective, sometimes challenging preconceptions on such topics as military training, and the concepts of duty and loyalty... I highly recommend [...] New Wars and New Soldiers. As the nature of warfare continues to evolve, decisions about when, why, and how to go to war, as well as when to intervene for humanitarian purposes, will be increasingly complex... Tripodi and Wolfendale's survey of the changing nature of war, provide an excellent foundation upon which to begin a general inquiry into the topic.' Journal of Military Ethics 'All too often, edited collections lack cohesion and are rarely more than the sum of their individual parts. This is not the case with New Wars and New Soldiers. Each of the chapters stands on its own, especially those in the final section that deal with combat behaviour and training, but the book's underlying premise provides a clear sense of structure and direction... [Tripodi and Wolfendale], and the other contributors, show that from a philosophical and theoretical perspective there is nothing new and unique about modern conflicts that render traditional ways of thinking about the nature and ethics of war either inadequate or redundant. They do show, however, that if these traditions are to help us grapple ethically with the challenges of contemporary warfare, then the continued insights from a wide range of disciplines, especially applied philosophy and public ethics, will be necessary to ensure their evolution. New Wars and New Soldiers is a valuable and informative contribution to this process.' Marine Corps University Journal
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About Dr Paolo Tripodi

Paolo Tripodi, Marine Corps University, USA and Jessica Wolfendale, West Virginia University, USA
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