The New Statistical Account of Scotland Volume 4

The New Statistical Account of Scotland Volume 4

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1834 edition. Excerpt: also used, but not so generally. Miscellaneous Observations. Improvements in the parish have been going on since the last Statistical Account was written. The chief of these has been the planting of part of the moors, which has greatly improved the appearance of the country. There is a circumstance relating to the improvement of some waste land in the neighbourhood of the village, which is well worthy of the attention of political economists. In 1787, the then proprietor of Greenknow estate sold in perpetual feu about 100 acres of his moors to purchasers, in lots of from forty acres to two. The lots were disposed of at L. 5, L. 3, and L. 1, 10s. per acre, with Is. per acre of feu annually. No sooner were the purchases made, than the feuars commenced the clearing of their lands; and some idea may be formed of the laborious nature of the undertaking, when it is stated, that in most places upwards of a thousand tons of stones per acre had to be raised and removed before the soil was capable of bearing any crop. Many of these stones had to be blown with powder before they could be carried away. In marshy places, draining also had to be resorted to; and some of these drains measure six feet wide and five feet deep. This helped to get rid of the stones. Another method was by building small enclosures of from one to six.acres. Some of the dikes thus built measure from three to four and a-half feet thick, and four feet high. The whole is now in a state of cultivation, and more or less productive. On the best land, eight bolls of barley per acre have been produced, and, on an average, eight bolls of oats. Part of the lots were sold to labourers and trades-people, who, employing all their spare time in bringing their small properties into a more

Product details

  • Paperback | 112 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 6mm | 213g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236496639
  • 9781236496638