The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge Volume 12

The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge Volume 12

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1912 edition. Excerpt: ... exactness in the provinces, and in the course of time the standards may have varied considerably. In ascending scale the Hebrews have above the cubit only the reed, which in name and proportions (six cubits) agrees with the Babylonian reed. All further designations for measures 5-Larger of distance indicate not measures in Measures the strict sense of closely defined of Length, length, but simple approximations like our term " hour's journey" (cf. the expressions in Gen. xxxv. 16, xlviii. 7, which the Sep tuagint renders by hippodromos, "post-station," and the Syriac by parasang; owing to this last the expression has been taken to be equivalent to parasang, the Persian measure, = 5.67 kilometers or nearly three and a half miles; others take it as = 6.3 kilometers). Similarly the expression "a day's journey " which occurs so often in the Bible has no definite limits. The ordinary journey of a caravan means travel during about six to eight hours; Herodotus reckoned the day's march of Persians at 150 to 200 stadia, representing continuous travel for eight to ten hours, and of Romans at 160 stadia. The case is different withlrespect to the " Sabbath day's journey" (Acts i. 12; the expression does not occur in the Old Testament, though the rabbis had the expression tehum hasshabbath). From the prohibition to gather manna on the Sabbath or to go forth from the camp (Ex. xvi. 26 sqq.) and from the delimitation of the Levitical cities (Num. xxxv. 5) the rabbis concluded that 2,000 cubits was the utmost distance allowed for travel on the Sabbath. There was a tradition that the distance of the Tabernacle from the limits of the camp was 2,000 cubits. In the case of cities the starting-point of more

Product details

  • Paperback | 680 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 35mm | 1,193g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236970586
  • 9781236970589