The New International Encyclopaedia Volume 4

The New International Encyclopaedia Volume 4

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1907 edition. Excerpt: ... the administrative offices of the various districts of the number of persons, especially of those capable of bearing arms, under their jurisdiction. In all this we see the beginnings of the modern census. Enumeration of Population.--The census has been a matter of slow growth. In its presentday form it involves a record of the salient facts pertaining to every person in the community, these facts being summarized for territorial and other groups. But it was a long time in coming to this point, and early records are oftentimes very summary. Development of Population Census.--The progress of census-taking can be seen in an examination of the development of the census of the United States. That of 1790 was a model undertaking, whose results were fully stated in an octavo pamphlet of fifty-six pages, while the report upon population in the census of 1890 fills two quarto volumes, of 2181 pages. The census of 1790 recorded only the heads of families, dividing the members of the family into the following classes: free whites, males 16 years and over, males under 10 years, females, other free persons, and slaves. Until 1850 no essential change was made in the form of enumeration, though the classes were enlarged to embrace age, occupation, physical infirmity, and other data. By 1840 the schedule had grown so unwieldy that for each family there were as many as seventy spaces in which entries might be made. In this period there could be no tabulation of statistics in the modern sense of the word. No combinations other than those given in the original schedule could be made, and facts given under one head, e.g. age, could not be combined with those given under another, e.g. illiteracy. In 1850 a radical change was introduced, and for the lirst...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 890 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 45mm | 1,556g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236765044
  • 9781236765048