Nelson's Encyclopaedia Volume 1

Nelson's Encyclopaedia Volume 1

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1907 edition. Excerpt: ...Mexican, Grecian, and Roman. From a description of the architecture of each country and race, it will be seen that the difierence in_ design is largely due to climatic influence, to the warlike and religious feelings of the people, and to the variety_and amount of material at theirdispoml. PREHISTOIHO S'riiuc'r_uiir.s.These embrace the following;--Monolitha.---Single upright stoiies--e.g. the Carnac stone in Brittany, 63 ft. high, _14 ft. in diameter, and 260 tons in weight. See lONOLl'l'H and MENHIB. Crmntech.--Table-stone supported_ on others that are vertical. Finest exam le is Kits Coity House, near Mai stone, the tablestoiie being 12 ft._ in le h, 9i ft. in width. 2 ft. thick, an 10 tons in weight. See Cl?-OMLEGH. Stone Ui'rcles.--The best example is Stonehenge, near Salisbury. The circumference of the circle, which is2_300ft., consisted of numerous uprights, each 18 ft. high, with architrave stones on_the top. There are also inside circles of stones, and it is sible that it was entirely too ed over. See STONE CIRCLES. Bee-hive Hut: and Picts' Houses.--The first named. so called from their sha are built of stone, and are foun _throughout the British Isles; while the latter is a form of iiiid_erg'round dwelling of the same period. See Picrs' Houses. Lake Dwcentsllings.--Huts of wood, erected on piles above the waterlevel. Remains have been discoveredin Switzerland and elsewhere, through the water in lochs or lakes falling exceptionally low. See PILE DWELLINGS. C')/clopeun Architecture.--The name given by the Greeks to the prehistoric forms of masonry supposed to have been erected by the Cyclops or giants. The average blocks of stone were 9 ft. long and 4 ft. thick. These blocks ' were fitted closely in thshow more

Product details

  • Paperback | 554 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 28mm | 975g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236945778
  • 9781236945778