Near-Surface Applied Geophysics
Just a few meters below the Earth's surface lie features of great importance, from geological faults which can produce devastating earthquakes, to lost archaeological treasures. This refreshing, up-to-date book explores the foundations of interpretation theory and the latest developments in near-surface techniques, used to complement traditional geophysical methods for deep-exploration targets. Clear but rigorous, the book explains theory and practice in simple physical terms, supported by intermediate-level mathematics. Techniques covered include magnetics, resistivity, seismic reflection and refraction, surface waves, induced polarization, self-potential, electromagnetic induction, ground-penetrating radar, magnetic resonance, interferometry, seismoelectric and more. Sections on data analysis and inverse theory are provided and chapters are illustrated by case studies, giving students and professionals the tools to plan, conduct and analyze a near-surface geophysical survey. This is an important textbook for advanced-undergraduate and graduate students in geophysics and a valuable reference for practising geophysicists, geologists, hydrologists, archaeologists, and civil and geotechnical engineers.
- Electronic book text
- 05 Apr 2013
- CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
- Cambridge, United Kingdom
- 256 b/w illus. 35 colour illus. 12 tables 44 exercises
'This book provides an excellent introduction to the rapidly emerging field of near-surface geophysics. The state-of-the-art material covered in the text will not only be helpful for undergraduate and graduate students, but it will also serve as a valuable reference for practitioners.' Hansruedi Maurer, ETH Zurich 'A great book for teaching undergraduates the essence of all geophysical techniques used in near surface exploration; the mix of theory, practice and case studies is just right for students.' Graham Heinson, University of Adelaide 'This is an excellent text for advanced geophysics undergraduate and graduate students, a valuable resource for scientists and engineers involved in characterizing the earth's near surface, and the material fills a void in the bookshelves of many geoscientists.' Doug Oldenburg, University of British Columbia 'In summary, this is an excellent advanced near-surface applied-geophysics textbook. Unlike many traditional exploration geophysics textbooks, this one also includes the basic geophysical exploration data analysis and inversion chapters. This is indeed an important near-surface applied-geophysics textbook, covering most up-to-date near-surface applied-geophysics techniques.' The Leading Edge
Table of contents
Preface; Acknowledgments; 1. Introduction; 2. Data analysis; 3. Magnetics; 4. Electrical resistivity method; 5. Induced polarization and self-potential; 6. Seismic reflection and refraction; 7. Seismic surface wave analysis; 8. Electromagnetic induction; 9. Ground-penetrating radar; 10. Emerging techniques; 11. Linear inversion; 12. Nonlinear inversion: local methods; 13. Nonlinear inversion: global methods; Appendix A. Shannon sampling theorem; Appendix B. Solution of Laplace's equation in spherical coordinates; Appendix C. The linear Ï -p transformation of seismic data; Appendix D. Horizontal loop over a conducting halfspace; Appendix E. Radar TE waveguide mode equations; References; Index.