The National Quarterly Review Volume 16

The National Quarterly Review Volume 16

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1868 edition. Excerpt: ...Roman orator himself speaks of them in several of his philosophical works. We shall see in due time that Cicero severely criticises the tenets of Epicurus, but does justice to the purity of his character as a man. A similar course is pursued by Plutarch, who was as much opposed to atheism as the most pious Christian, but who knew how to distinguish between errors of judgment and the general character of a philosopher. The Epicurean philosophy is divided into three branches, known as the Canonical, the Physical, and the Ethical; but most critics regard the two former as merely introductory to the latter. It seems highly probable that such was the intention of the author. Be this as it may, the Ethics is by far the most important part of the philosophy. Before passing judgment on Epicurus, or his system, it is necessary to bear in mind that he defines philosophy as the exercise zf reason with the view of securing a ha py life. But how is this to be done? Not by the free in ulgence of the passions, as the enemies of the philosopher have represented; not by any excesses whatever, but by the acquisition of knowledge, and the dissipation of ignorance. It will be admitted that even an atheist who makes these the fundamental principles of his system, and insists on their being fully acted upon, cannot do much mischief; for if he offers poison to his followers, he furnishes them a sufiicient antidote at the same time. Accordingly, we are informed by most of his biographers, ancient as well as modern, that not one out of twenty of his innumerable upils accepted from him the atheistic dogma, much as they lbved and revered him. The great majority believed that, except in one or two particulars, all his principles were entirely consistent with more

Product details

  • Paperback | 178 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 10mm | 327g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236832612
  • 9781236832610