The National Government of the United States

The National Government of the United States

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1920 edition. Excerpt: ...and often in opposition to the provincial governors. The president of the Continental Congress was not merely a presiding officer but was charged with a few executive duties. The Speakers of the early assemblies in the newly formed states did not seek to occupy an impartial position but to direct the course. of legislation. Thus, historically, there was ample American precedent for a political Speaker. Moreover, as has been pointed out, the absolute separation of the executive and legislative departments of the government precluded the development of the cabinet system with the leader responsible to the legislature. Leadership must be exercised, and what was more natural than the development of the Speakership along traditional American lines? The Speaker thus soon became not merely the presiding officer but the leader of the House. With the development-of parties he became a party leader. As the influence of these parties increased, his power grew. With the constantly increasing size of the House and the enormous expansion of business his power still further developed, so that he dominated the House, directed its procedure, and apparently determined legislation. In the popular mind the control which the Speaker exercised source of the was thought to come from his position as Speaker rather than power not his influence as leader. While it is perfectly true that the rr" rules of the House did vest many important prerogatives in the Speaker's hands, yet even with these powers the House did refuse to follow a Speaker who was not a real and trusted leader, and did defy and thwart successfully the most masterful of Speakers, T. B. Reed.1 Moreover, in the 626 Congress, 1911-1913, Oscar W. Underwood, as floor leader, without the prerogatives of more

Product details

  • Paperback | 250 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 13mm | 454g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236562070
  • 9781236562074