National Drug Control Strategy

National Drug Control Strategy

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Description

Throughout 2013, the Administration continued to play a leading role in advancing drug policy reform, beginning with the release of the 2013 National Drug Control Strategy, which called for an approach rooted in scientific research on addiction, evidence-based prevention programs, increased access to treatment, a historic emphasis on recovery, and criminal justice reform. In May, the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) hosted actor Matthew Perry at the White House to discuss alternatives to incarceration and criminal justice reform. Mr. Perry currently serves as a celebrity ambassador for drug courts, which divert approximately 120,000 nonviolent substance-involved offenders each year to treatment instead of prison. There is a large base of research supporting the effectiveness of drug courts, and Mr. Perry has been instrumental in getting the word out about this important criminal justice and public health program. In June, ONDCP participated in a White House event focusing on 12 "Champions of Change" who have dedicated themselves to helping children of incarcerated parents and their caregivers. This event was linked to the work of the Federal Interagency Reentry Council, which is committed to identifying and eliminating legal obstacles faced by people reentering society after incarceration. In August, Attorney General Eric Holder announced new changes to the Department of Justice's (DOJ) charging policies regarding mandatory minimum sentences for certain nonviolent, low-level drug offenses. The policy changes are part of DOJ's "Smart on Crime" initiative, a comprehensive review of the criminal justice system aimed at ensuring Federal laws are enforced more fairly, Federal resources are used more efficiently, and focus is placed on top law enforcement priorities. These changes ensure that the most severe mandatory minimum penalties are reserved for serious, high-level, or violent drug traffickers. And, where appropriate, Federal law enforcement encourages alternatives to incarceration such as drug courts, specialty courts, or other diversion programs for non-violent offenses. Also in August, the Administration observed International Overdose Awareness Day with the release of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Opioid Overdose Toolkit. The Toolkit provides information on overdose prevention, treatment, and recovery for first responders, prescribers, and patients. It also promotes the use of naloxone, a life-saving overdose reversal prescription drug that should be in the patrol cars of every law enforcement professional across the Nation for use as appropriate. In November, another critical component of drug policy reform was introduced when the Administration issued the final rule implementing the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008. The rule makes it easier for Americans to get the care they need by prohibiting certain discriminatory practices that limit insurance coverage for behavioral health treatment and services. The "parity rule" ends discrimination against those who suffer from substance use and mental health disorders, significantly expands access to treatment services, and improves the ability of health care providers to identify symptoms and provide treatment before a chronic condition develops. The Affordable Care Act now requires Qualified Health Plans offered through the Health Insurance Marketplaces in every state to include coverage for mental health and substance use disorders as one of the 10 categories of Essential Health Benefits, and the coverage must comply with these Federal parity requirements.show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 94 pages
  • 215.9 x 279.4 x 5.59mm | 303.91g
  • Createspace
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1514663546
  • 9781514663547