Multifunctional Agriculture

Multifunctional Agriculture : Achieving Sustainable Development in Africa

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Description

In a world increasingly challenged by the need to integrate and understand highly specialized knowledge in a multidisciplinary way, this book is innovative and perhaps unique in addressing this challenge. It focuses on ideas, strategies, techniques and practices spanning many disciplines at the interface of agriculture with: forestry, horticulture, plant physiology, genetics, ecology, soil science, food science, economics, and the social and environmental sciences as delivered by intensified and enriched agroforestry. Multifunctional Agriculture addresses this complexity, using case studies and insights from the needs of African farmers whose livelihoods are constrained by complex interactions between social, environmental and economic factors and problems underlying agricultural sustainability in Africa. This book, therefore, provides an important resource for those trying to understand the role of agriculture in the achievement of the new Sustainable Development Goals by providing easily implementable, practical and effective methodologies and practices.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 480 pages
  • 191 x 235 x 26.92mm | 1,560g
  • Academic Press Inc
  • San Diego, United States
  • English
  • 0128053569
  • 9780128053560

Table of contents

Part I: The Basics Section 1: Agroecology and the Role of Trees 1. Definition of Agroforestry Revisited: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., 1996. Agroforestry Today, 8 (1), 5-7, with permission of World Agroforestry Center 2. The Role of Trees in Agroecology and Sustainable Agriculture in the Tropics: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., 2014. Annual Review of Phytopathology 52, 113-133, with permission of Annual Reviews 3. Trees: A Keystone Role in Agroecosystem Function: An Update: R.R.B. Leakey Section 2. Agroforestry Practices and Systems 4. Agroforestry and the Mitigation of Land Degradation in the Humid and Sub-Humid Tropics of Africa: This chapter was previously published in Cooper, P.J.M., Leakey, R.R.B., Rao, M.R., Reynolds, L., 1996. Experimental Agriculture, 32, 235-290, with permission of Cambridge University Press 5. The Domestication and Commercialization of Indigenous Trees in Agroforestry for the Alleviation of Poverty: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., Simons, A.J., 1998. Agroforestry Systems, 38, 165-176, with permission of Springer 6. Trees: Delivering Enhanced Crop Production and Income: An Update: R.R.B. Leakey Section 3. Importance of Tree Products 7. Potential for Novel Food Products From Agroforestry Trees: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., 1999. Food Chemistry, 64, 1-14, with permission of Elsevier 8. Evidence that Subsistence Farmers have Domesticated Indigenous Fruits (Dacryodes edulis and Irvingia gabonensis) in Cameroon and Nigeria: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., Tchoundjeu, Z., Smith, R.I., Munro, R.C., Fondoun, J-.M., Kengue, J., Anegbeh, P.O., Atangana, A.R., Waruhiu, A.N., Asaah, E., Usoro, C. and Ukafor, V., 2004. Agroforestry Systems, 60, 101-111, with permission of Springer 9. Non-Timber Forest Products - A Misnomer?: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., 2012. Journal of Tropical Forest Science, 24, 145-146, with permission of Forest Research Institute of Malaysia 10. Trees: An Important Source of Food and Non-Food Products for Farmers: An Update: R.R.B. Leakey

Part II: Genetic Selection for Added-Value and New Opportunities Section 4. Tree Domestication 11. Domestication of Forest Trees: A Process to Secure the Productivity and Future Diversity of Tropical Ecosystems: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., Last, F.T., Longman, K.A., 1982. Commonwealth Forestry Review, 61, 33-42, with permission of Commonwealth Forestry Association 12. Tree Domestication in Tropical Agroforestry: This chapter was previously published in Simons, A.J., Leakey, R.R.B., 2004. Agroforestry Systems, 61, 167-181, with permission of Springer 13. Agroforestry Tree Products (AFTPs): Targeting Poverty Reduction and Enhanced Livelihoods: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., Tchoundjeu, Z., Schreckenberg, K., Shackleton, S., Shackleton, C., 2005. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 3, 1-23, with permission of Taylor & Francis 14. Tree Domestication in Agroforestry: Progress in the Second Decade (2003-2012): This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., Weber, J.C., Page, T., Cornelius, J.P., Akinnifesi, F.K., Roshetko, J.M., Tchoundjeu, Z., Jamnadass, R., 2012. In: Nair, P.K., Garrity, D. (Eds.), Agroforestry - The Future of Global Land Use. Springer, USA, pp. 145-173, with permission of Springer 15. Trees: Capturing Useful Traits in Elite Cultivars: An Update: R.R.B. Leakey

Part III: Research Methods Section 5: Strategy and Techniques Section 5.1: Strategy 16. Towards a Domestication Strategy for Indigenous Fruit Trees in the Tropics: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., Akinnifesi, F.K., 2008. In: Akinnifesi, F.K., Leakey, R.R.B., Ajayi, O.C., Sileshi, G., Tchoundjeu, Z., Matakala, P., Kwesiga, F. (Eds.) Indigenous Fruit Trees in the Tropics: Domestication, Utilization and Commercialization. CAB International, Wallingford, UK, pp. 28-49, with permission from CABI Section 5.2: Techniques: Vegetative Propagation 17. Low-Technology Techniques for the Vegetative Propagation of Tropical Trees: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., Mesen, J.F., Tchoundjeu, Z., Longman, K.A., Dick, J. McP., Newton, A.C., Matin, A., Grace, J., Munro, R.C. and Muthoka, P.N., 1990. Commonwealth Forestry Review, 69, 247-257, with permission from Commonwealth Forestry Association 18. Stockplant Factors Affecting Root Initiation in Cuttings of Triplochiton scleroxylon K. Schum., an Indigenous Hardwood of West Africa: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., 1983. Journal of Horticultural Science, 58, 277-290, with permission from Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology 19. The Rooting Ability of Triplochiton scleroxylon K. Schum. Cuttings: The Interactions Between Stockplant Irradiance, Light Quality and Nutrients: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., Storeton-West, R., 1992. Forest Ecology and Management, 49, 133-150, with permission of Elsevier 20. Plant Cloning: Macro-Propagation: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., 2014. In: van Alfen, N., et al., (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, vol. 4. Elsevier, San Diego, pp. 349-359, with permission of Elsevier Section 5.3: Techniques: Genetic Characterization 21. Quantitative Descriptors of Variation in the Fruits and Seeds of Irvingia gabonensis: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., Fondoun, J-.M., Atangana, A., Tchoundjeu, Z., 2000. Agroforestry Systems, 50, 47-58, with permission of Springer 22. Domestication Potential of Marula (Sclerocarya birrea subsp caffra) in South Africa and Namibia: 1. Phenotypic Variation in Fruit Traits: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., Shackleton, S., du Plessis, P., 2005. Agroforestry Systems, 64, 25-35, with permission of Springer 23. Domestication Potential of Marula (Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra) in South Africa and Namibia: 2. Phenotypic Variation in Nut and Kernel Traits: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., Pate, K., Lombard, C., 2005. Agroforestry Systems, 64, 37-49, with permission of Springer 24. Domestication Potential of Marula (Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra) in South Africa and Namibia: 3. Multiple Trait Selection: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., 2005. Agroforestry Systems, 64, 51-59, with permission of Springer Section 5.4: Techniques: Ideotypes 25. The "Ideotype Concept" and its Application to the Selection of "AFTP" Cultivars: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., Page, T., 2006. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods, 16, 5-16. 26. Trees: Skills and Understanding Essential for Domestication: An Update: R.R.B. Leakey

Part IV: Towards Delivery Section 6: A Bottom-Up Approach Section 6.1: Participatory Tree Domestication 27. The Participatory Domestication of West African Indigenous Fruits: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., Schreckenberg, K., Tchoundjeu, Z., 2003. International Forestry Review, 5, 338-347, with permission from Commonwealth Forestry Association 28. Agroforestry-Participatory Domestication of Trees: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., 2014. In: van Alfen, N. et al., (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems, vol. 1. Elsevier, San Diego, pp. 253-269, with permission from Elsevier Section 6.2: Intellectual Property Rights 29. Protecting the Rights of Farmers and Communities While Securing Long Term Market Access for Producers of Non-timber Forest Products: Experience in Southern Africa: This chapter was previously published in Lombard, C., Leakey, R.R.B., 2010. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods, 19, 235-249, with permission of Taylor & Francis Section 6.3: Commercialization of Agroforestry Tree Products 30. The Role of Tree Domestication in Value Chain Development: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., van Damme, P., 2014. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods, 23, 116-126, with permission of Taylor & Francis Section 6.4: Development and Impact 31. Underutilised Species as the Backbone of Multifunctional Agriculture-The Next Wave of Crop Domestication: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B. and Asaah, E.K. 2013. Acta Horticulturae, 979, 293-310, with permission of ISHS 32. Trees: Ensuring That Farmers Benefit From Domestication: An Update: R.R.B. Leakey Section 7: Agroforestry: A Delivery Mechanism for Multifunctional Agriculture 33. Trees, Soils and Food Security: This chapter was previously published in Sanchez, P.A., Buresh, R.J., Leakey, R.R.B., 1997. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Series B, 352, 949-961, with permission of The Royal Society 34. Addressing the Causes of Land Degradation, Food/Nutritional Insecurity and Poverty: A New Approach to Agricultural Intensification in the Tropics and Sub-Tropics: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., 2013. In: Hoffman, U. (Ed.), Wake Up Before It Is Too Late: Make Agriculture Truly Sustainable Now for Food Security in a Changing Climate, UNCTAD Trade and Environment Review 2013. UN Publications, Geneva, Switzerland, pp. 192-198 (Chapter 3), with permission from United Nations 35. Trees: A Call to Policy Makers to Meet Farmers' Needs by Combining Environmental Services With Marketable Products: An Update: R.R.B. Leakey Section 8: Sustainable Intensification of Tropical Agriculture 36. The Intensification of Agroforestry by Tree Domestication for Enhanced Social and Economic Impact: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., 2012. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 7 (035), 1-3 37. Twelve Principles for Better Food and More Food From Mature Perennial Agroecosystems: This chapter was previously published in Leakey, R.R.B., 2014. In: Proceedings of Perennial Crops for Food Security FAO Workshop, (Chapter 22), 28-30 August 2013, Rome, Italy 38. Trees: Delivering Productive and Sustainable Farming Systems: An Update: R.R.B. Leakey Section 9: Integrating Rural Development to Deliver Multifunctional Agriculture 39. Toward Multifunctional Agriculture - An African Initiative: R.R.B. Leakey and R. Prabhu 40. Trees: Meeting the Social, Economic and Environmental Needs of Poor Farmers-Scoring Sustainable Development Goals: An Update: R.R.B. Leakey
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Review Text

"...this book presents a thoughtful and scientifically rigorous analysis of the steps and processes needed to build a diversified and productive agriculture that allows the rural poor to break free of their existing poverty constraints. ...the book is a remarkable record of a scientific career devoted to changing the lives of the rural poor in Africa. For that last reason alone, it deserves the widest possible readership." --Food Security

"Leakey's book argues powerfully for the benefits of small-scale, diversified, multistrata agriculture and gives a comprehensive technical overview of how this might be achieved. The book is an excellent overview of the past three decades of the evolution of thinking and practice on agro-forestry." --International Forestry Review

"Leakey's posture of calling 'multifunctional' a type of agriculture which incorporates trees is valid and gives the book an immense value.an incredible resource and a key reference for agroforesters.Here is a book I'll keep forever at hand." -- Forests, Trees and Livelihoods
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Review quote

"...this book presents a thoughtful and scientifically rigorous analysis of the steps and processes needed to build a diversified and productive agriculture that allows the rural poor to break free of their existing poverty constraints. ...the book is a remarkable record of a scientific career devoted to changing the lives of the rural poor in Africa. For that last reason alone, it deserves the widest possible readership." --Food Security

"Leakey's book argues powerfully for the benefits of small-scale, diversified, multistrata agriculture and gives a comprehensive technical overview of how this might be achieved. The book is an excellent overview of the past three decades of the evolution of thinking and practice on agro-forestry." --International Forestry Review

"Leakey's posture of calling `multifunctional' a type of agriculture which incorporates trees is valid and gives the book an immense value...an incredible resource and a key reference for agroforesters...Here is a book I'll keep forever at hand." --Forests, Trees and Livelihoods
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About Professor Roger Leakey

Roger Leakey has diplomas in practical agriculture (NDA and CDA) and degrees in agricultural science (BSc, PhD, DSc), with truly global experience of field-based research in tropical agriculture, horticulture and forestry spanning nearly 50 years. He was Director of Research at the International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF 1993-1997) and Professor of Agroecology and Sustainable Development of James Cook University, in Cairns, Australia (2001-2006). He has been Vice President of the International Society of Tropical Foresters and is Vice Chairman of the International Tree Foundation, a UK-based charity supporting development projects in Africa. He holds a number of Fellowships in learned societies, universities and international research centres. He was a Coordinating Lead Author in the International Assessment of Agricultural Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD) which was approved by 58 governments in an Intergovernmental Plenary meeting in Johannesburg, South Africa in April 2008. This Assessment examined the impact of agricultural knowledge, science and technology on environmentally, socially and economically sustainable development worldwide over the last 50 years and suggested that to meet these challenges agriculture has to advance from a unifunctional focus on food production and to additionally embrace more environmental, social and economic goals - i.e. to become multifunctional.
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