Motivation

Motivation : A Biosocial and Cognitive Integration of Motivation and Emotion

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Description

Motivation integrates a wide range of topics in psychology, elucidating the fundamental role of motivation in both animal and human conduct. The book looks at the way motivation function, how it interacts with other important variables (physiological internal states; psychological internal states such as learning, attention and memory; environmental external conditions such as informational events and rewards and stressors), and what motivation as a construct contributes to scientific understanding of behavior.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 416 pages
  • 190.5 x 233.7 x 27.9mm | 793.8g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 2 halftones, line illustrations
  • 0195068661
  • 9780195068665

Table of contents

CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION: WHAT IS MOTIVATION ; Historical Considerations ; Summary ; CHAPTER 2 - HOW DO WE STUDY MOTIVATION? ; Definitions: How Do You Define Motivation? ; The Relationship Between Motivation and Other Variables ; Summary ; CHAPTER 3 - AROUSAL: THE ENERGIZING AND INTENSITY ASPECT OF MOTIVATION ; The Construct of Arousal ; Arousal Has Many Aspects ; Arousal - Performance Relationships ; Summary ; CHAPTER 4 - BIOLOGICAL RHYTHMS AND SLEEP ; Relationships to Biological Rhythms to Motivation ; Biological Rhythms ; Control of Biological Rhythms ; Advantages of Biological Timekeeping ; Effects of Disrupting Biological Rhythms ; Sleep ; Effects of Aging on Biological Rhythms and Sleep ; Summary ; CHAPTER 5 - TIME OF DAY, ALERTNESS, AND PERFORMANCE ; Variables of Importance in Addition to Time of Day ; Are There Several Rhythms? ; Performance Varies with Alertness and Time of Day ; Time of Day Affects Shift Work and Mood ; Personality Characteristics and "Morningness" Versus "Eveningness" ; Summary ; CHAPTER 6 - EMOTION AND MOOD: I. PROBLEMS OF DEFINITION AND MEASUREMENT ; How Are Motivation and Emotion Different? ; Definitions and Classifications of Emotion ; Emotion and Every-Day-Life ; Emotion, Mood, and Affect ; Emotion and Opponent Processes ; Summary ; CHAPTER 7 - EMOTION AND MOOD: II. COGNITION AND INFORMATION PROCESSING ; Complexity of Emotion and Cognition ; Emotion and Mood Have A Reciprocal Relationship With Cognition ; Emotion and Information Processing ; Approach and Withdrawal ; Summary ; CHAPTER 8 - HUNGER AND THIRST: BIOLOGICAL AND CULTURAL PROCESSES ; Biological Processes and the Regulation of Energy in Hunger ; Biological Processes in Thirst and Fluid Level Regulation ; The Role of Culture and Learning in Hunger and Eating ; Effects of Hunger, Thirst, and Glucose on Responding and Information Processing ; Summary ; CHAPTER 9 - REWARDS, INCENTIVES, AND GOALS: ADDICTIVE PROCESSES, EXTRINSIC INCENTIVES, AND INTRINSIC MOTIVATION ; General Theoretical Issues ; Brain Stimulation, Reward Systems, and Drug Abuse ; Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Incentives, and Achievement Motivation ; Summary ; CHAPTER 10 - GOALS AND SUCCESS-FAILURE BELIEFS ; Goals, Level of Aspiration, and Level of Expectation ; Individual Differences in Goal Setting ; Beliefs Regarding Success (Versus Failure) and Reinforcement ; Goals and Performance Attainment ; Summary ; CHAPTER 11 - AGGRESSION AND ANGER: ATTRIBUTION MASTERY POWER, COMPETITION ; Attribution and Achievement ; Anger ; Hostility, Anger, and Type A Personality ; Summary ; CHAPTER 12 - AGGRESSION, POWER, AND MASTERY ; What is Meant By Aggression? ; Aggression in Animals ; Brain Areas and Hormones ; Self-Interest vs. Collective Interest: Competition and Human Aggression ; Human Aggression: Power, Arousal, and Learning ; Machiavellianism, Mastery, and Assertiveness ; Summary ; CHAPTER 13 - FEAR AND ANXIETY ; General Considerations ; Early Experimental Work ; Contemporary Research in Fear Learning ; Anxiety, Individual Differences, Cognition, and Coping ; Summary ; CHAPTER 14 - SEX, GENDER, AND LOVE ; Hormonal Effects, Sexual Dimorphism, and Sexual Motivation ; Gender ; Love ; Summaryshow more