Excerpt from The Morals of Christ: A Comparison With Contemporaneous Systems
For, he says, On these two commandments (positive) hang all the Law and the Prophets (negative); or, when he generalizes st'ill farther these same commandments into the Golden Rule - one positive precept Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you do ye even so to them; and so fulfill the Law and the Prophets.
The Mosaic morality said, in substance, DO nothing that is wrong; the morality of Christ, DO everything that is right. The substance of the former is, Thou shalt do no evil; that of the latter, Thou shalt do good; the substantial command of the former, Thou shalt not hate that of the latter, Thou shalt love; the principle of the former, justice; that of the latter, benevolence. The Ten Commandments might more appropriately be called the Ten Prohibitions; while the Sermon on the Mount is the real commandment. In the Old Testament there was restraint and warning put upon the moral man; in the New, liberty and impulse. In the former man was a slave, under bonds against vice; in the latter he is free, under incentives to virtue. The Mosaic morality said substantially, Do nothing in morality, lest it be an injury the Christian morality said, Do some thing in morality, since it may be good.
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