Morality and the Good Life

Morality and the Good Life

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This volume contains 34 contemporary selections on morality and theory of value, emphasizing value theory, meta-ethics and normative ethics. It can serve as the main text for undergraduate and graduate courses on contemporary ethical theory, moral philosophy and theory of value. Its selections are essentially non-technical and thus accessible to a wide range of readers, including advanced undergraduates, from various disciplines. The book's selections fall under six main topics: concepts of goodness; what things are good?; virtues and ethics; realism vs. anti-realism; value and obligation; and the value and meaning of life.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 528 pages
  • 160 x 230 x 31.75mm | 796g
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 0195105370
  • 9780195105377

Table of contents

Part 1 Concepts of goodness: (A. Cognitivist Approaches) G.E. Moore, the subject-matter of ethics; Roderick Firth, ethical absolutism and the ideal observer; (B. Nonognitivist Approaches) - defence and criticism: A.J. Ayer, critique of ethics; W.D. Ross, critique of Ayer; A.J. Ayer, reply to critics; Allan Gibbard, expressivism; R.M. Hare, selections from descriptive meaning and principles; Phillipa Foot, moral beliefs; (C. Kinds of Goodness) Christine Korsgaard, two distinctions in goodness. Part 2 What things are good?: (A. Hedonism - defence and criticism) Henry Sidgwick, ultimate good; Robert Nozick, value and pleasure; (B. The Desire-Satisfaction Theory - defence and criticism) G. H. von Wright, the good of man; Richard Kraut, desire and the human good; (C. Objectivist Theories) G.E. Moore, the ideal; W.D. Ross, what things are good? and moral goodness; Thomas Hurka, perfectionism; Derek Parfit, what makes someone's life go best?. Part 3 Virtues and ethics: G.E.M. Anscombe, modern moral philosophy; Phillipa Foot, virtues and vices; Alasdair MacIntyre, the nature of the virtues. Part 4 Realism vs. anti-realism: J.L. Mackie, the subjectivity of values; John McDowell, values and secondary qualities; Simon Blackburn, errors and the phenomenology of value; Nicholas Sturgeon, moral explanations. Part 5 Value and obligation: G.E. Moore, results the test of right and wrong; J.C. Smart, act-utilitarianism and rule-utilitarianism; Richard Brandt, the real and alleged problems of utilitarianism; W.D. Ross, what makes right acts right?; W.K. Frankena, obligation and motivation in recent moral philosophy; Robert M. Adams, a modified divine command theory of ethical wrongness. Part 6 The value and meaning of life: Leo Tolstoy, my confession; Paul Edwards, meaning and value of life; Norman Dahl, morality and the meaning of life - some first thoughts; Michael Slote, goods and lives; bibliography on contemporary ethical theory.
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