The Mirror of the World

The Mirror of the World : Subjects, Consciousness, and Self-Consciousness

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Christopher Peacocke presents a philosophical theory of subjects of consciousness, together with a theory of the nature of first person representation of such a subject of consciousness. He develops a new treatment of subjects, distinct from previous theories, under which subjects were regarded either as constructs from mental events, or fundamentally embodied, or Cartesian egos. In contrast, his theory of the first person integrates with the positive treatment of
subjects-and it contributes to the explanation of various distinctive first person phenomena in the theory of thought and knowledge. These are issues on which contributions have been made by some of the greatest philosophers, and Peacocke brings his points to bear on the contributions to these issues
made by Hume, Kant, Frege, Wittgenstein, and Strawson. He also relates his position to the recent literature in the philosophy of mind, and then goes on to distinguish and characterize three varieties of self-consciousness. Perspectival self-consciousness involves the subject's capacity to appreciate that she is of the same kind as things given in a third personal way, and attributes the subject to a certain kind of objective thought about herself. Reflective self-consciousness involves
awareness of the subject's own mental states, reached in a distinctive way. Interpersonal self-consciousness is awareness that one features, as a subject, in some other person's mental states. These varieties, and the relations and the forms of co-operation between them, are important in explaining features
of our knowledge, our social relations, and our emotional lives. The theses of The Mirror of the World are of importance not only for philosophy, but also for psychology, the arts, and anywhere else that the self and self-representation loom large.

The Context and Content series is a forum for outstanding original research at the intersection of philosophy, linguistics, and cognitive science. The general editor is Francois Recanati (Institut Jean-Nicod, Paris).
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Product details

  • Hardback | 296 pages
  • 147 x 223 x 23mm | 490g
  • Oxford, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 0199699569
  • 9780199699568
  • 944,319

Table of contents

I. Introduction ; II. Primitive Self-Representation ; III. The Metaphysics of Conscious Subjects ; IV. The First Person Concept and Its Nonconceptual Parent ; V. Explaining First Person Phenomena ; VI. Descartes Defended ; VII. Paralogisms and First Person Illusions ; VIII. Perspectival Self-Consciousness ; IX. Reflective Self-Consciousness ; X. Interpersonal Self-Consciousness ; XI. Open Conclusion: The Place of Metaphysics ; References ; Index
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Review quote

... this is a very rich and rewarding book - required reading for anyone interested in the metaphysics and epistemology of the self. * Jose Luis BermAdez, Philosophical Quarterly * Peacocke's account of subjects is in many ways an appealing one ... but also complex and multi-layered ... the book is an impressive piece of work ... Mirror would serve as an excellent introduction for those coming to Peacocke's writings for the first time. * Barry Dainton, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews *
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About Christopher Peacocke

Christopher Peacocke worked in Oxford for many years, including twelve years as Waynflete Professor of Metaphysical Philosophy, before moving to New York in 2000. He taught for four years at New York University, and then moved uptown to Columbia University in 2004. He returns to England each summer to give a seminar and supervise graduates at University College London. In addition to his interests in metaphysics, epistemology, and the philosophy of mind, he continues
to be concerned with issues in the philosophy and perception of music. He is Fellow of the British Academy and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
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