Minutes of Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers Volume 103, PT. 1
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1891 edition. Excerpt: ...formulas for channels in perfect order. Moreover, this agreement is greatest in the part of the chart most used; viz., with a velocity of 2 feet per second or thereabout, and slopes from 1 in 4,000 to 1 in 10,000. This is not surprising, as, of course, Kutter used Bazin's experiments in compiling his formula; but it shows clearly that whatever theoretical defects Bazin's formula may have, it is applicable to all ordinary cases of artificial channels. The communication is accompanied by a chart from whicn Plate 10 has been engraved. Paper No. 2474.) "Railways and Collieries of North China." By Claude William Kinder, M. Inst. C.E. The most recent information communicated to the Institution on the subject of Chinese railways is contained in an abstract from a paper by Adolphe Schwarz, published in the "Wochenschrift des oesterreichischen Ingenieur-und Architekten-Vereines."1 This account contains many errors, and is calculated to give so erroneous a view of the state of affairs, that the Author has felt impelled to write the true history of the matter. The first systematic attempt to introduce railways into China was made in 1863, and Sir E. Macdonald Stephenson devoted considerable time to the subject at the instigation of various important firms in Shanghai and Hong Kong. A company was proposed with a view to building a line from Shanghai to Soochow, but the project fell through owing to the opposition of the Chinese officials. He then suggested that lines should be built entirely from materials manufactured in China, thus necessitating a minimum of foreign capital and interference, and it is interesting to note that the same idea has now been adopted by the Government after a lapse.of twenty-seven years. As a proof of...
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