Migration, Common Property Resources and Environmental Degradation

Migration, Common Property Resources and Environmental Degradation : Interlinkages in India's Arid and Semi-arid Regions

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Description

Theoretical literature and empirical evidence often contend that poverty results in environmental degradation, particularly in the depletion of natural resource endowments. The authors of this book differ, arguing that this linkage is not simple arithmetic, but one that is mediated by the institutional innovations for the management of common property resources, voluntary sector interventions can stem the tide of resource degradation. The authors use econometric techniques to analyse this very complex interlinkage between people and encironment.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 168 pages
  • 163.1 x 218.9 x 16.5mm | 331.13g
  • Thousand Oaks, United States
  • English
  • 0761995013
  • 9780761995012

Table of contents

PART ONE: RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION AND PROPERTY RIGHTS STRUCTURES
Poverty and Environmental Degradation
The Issue, the Context and the Chapter Scheme
Property Rights Structures
A Classification
Rural-Urban Migration
A Hypothesis
Is There a Carrying Capacity Concept Inherent in This Hypothesis?
PART TWO: COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES IN INDIA: MAGNITUDE AND DISTRIBUTION
Introduction
Property Rights Arrangements
Existing Land Use Classifications
A Methodology for Estimating Common Property Resources and Some Estimates
Wasteland and CPR Land
A Comparison with Alternative Estimates
Some Policy Conclusions
PART THREE: POPULATION MOVEMENTS, ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND PROPERTY RIGHTS: A DISTRICT-LEVEL ANALYSIS
A District-Level Study of Arid and Semi-Arid Regions
The Study of Regions
Selection of Variables
Demographic Variables
Natural Resource Variables
Livestock Related Variables
Employment Related Variables
Factor Analysis of Interlinkages between Population Movements, Environmental Degradation and Property Rights
Factor Structure
Simultaneous Structural System
The Structural Relations
Parametric Estimates of the Model
The Impact Multipliers
Summary and Conclusions
PART FOUR: MICRO-LEVEL INITIATIVES IN SEMI-ARID ZONES: EMERGENCE, EVOLUTION AND IMPACT
Introduction
How Do Micro-Level Initiatives Emerge
Phases in Evolution
Organizations and Institutions
Evolution of the Voluntary Sector in Udaipur District
An Overview and Two Representative Organizations
Emergence and Evolution of Sewa Mandir
Emergence and Evolution of a Smaller Organization
Ubeshwar Vikas Mandal
An Impact Assessment of Alternative Interventions in the Arid and Semi-Arid Regions
Impact Assessment
Indicators and Their Association
PART FIVE: NON-GOVERNMENTAL INITIATIVES IN NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT: A PROFILE OF STUDY VILLAGES
Introduction
Selection of Study Villages
Location of the Six Study Villages
Inter-Village Variations in the Selected Characteristics
Socio-Demographic Profiles of the Study Villages
Health, Education and Community Infrastructure
Access to Infrastructural Facilities
Land Ownership and Use Patterns
Sources and Ownership Pattern of Water Resources
Cropping Pattern
Ownership Pattern of Cattle Stock
Quality, Utilization and Upgradation of Forest Land
Migrational Patterns in the Study Villages
Concluding Remarks
PART SIX: PARTICIPATION, COMMON PROPERTY INSTITUTIONS, MIGRATION: AN ECONOMIC EXPLORATION
Introduction
Institutional Innovation and Its Evolution in the Villages
The Impact of Institutional Innovation
Variables and Methodology
Why Individuals/Households Migrate
Why Households Participate in Commons (HPLI and HPWI)
Magnitude of Participation in Commons
Simultaneous Structural System
Concluding Remarks
PART SEVEN: SUMMARY AND POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS
Summary of Findings
Policy Implications
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Review quote

"...the study provides a wealth of new statistical data on a well-researched topic and is likely to be of use to scholars interested in common property regimes in India and other places in poor countries." -- K. Sivaramakrishnan * Pacific Affairs *
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