Microsoft Windows 7 Your Way
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Microsoft Windows 7 Your Way : Speed Up and Customize Windows

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Description

Want to make Windows 7 run faster, smarter, easier, better? Want to personalize Windows to look and act the way you want it to? Want to get
more efficient and ditch all those Windows hassles? You don't need
a Ph.D in computer science or expensive upgrades. All you need is this book!

Michael Miller makes it easy to tweak Windows so it works just like you
want it to-and runs smooth as silk for years to come. No extreme hacking required: These are simple, step-by-step techniques anyone can perform in minutes-even beginners!



* Customize Windows 7's desktop for the way you work

* Strip out bloated, worthless software that slows your PC down

* Get your network running faster and more reliably

* Surf the Web more quickly and safely

* Improve performance and battery life on notebooks and netbooks

* Get more security with fewer annoyances

* Discover great free and cheap alternatives to Microsoft's built-in software

* Fix Windows 7's most aggravating problems

* And much more...





Michael Miller has written more than 100 non-fiction how-to books over the past 20 years, including Que's Absolute Beginner's Guide to Computer Basics, Speed It Up! A Non-Technical Guide for Speeding Up Slow Computers, and How Microsoft Windows Vista Works. His books have sold more than 1 million copies worldwide. He has earned a reputation for clearly explaining technical topics to non-technical readers and for offering useful real-world advice about complex topics.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 528 pages
  • 147.32 x 220.98 x 22.86mm | 680.39g
  • Que Corporation,U.S.
  • Indianapolis, IN, United States
  • English
  • 0789742861
  • 9780789742865
  • 1,455,519

Back cover copy

Want to make Windows 7 run faster, smarter, easier, better? Want to personalize Windows to look and act the way you want it to? Want to get
more efficient and ditch all those Windows hassles? You don't need
a Ph.D in computer science or expensive upgrades. All you need is this book! Michael Miller makes it easy to tweak Windows so it works just like you
want it to-and runs smooth as silk for years to come. No extreme hacking required: These are simple, step-by-step techniques anyone can perform in minutes-even beginners! - Customize Windows 7's desktop for the way you work - Strip out bloated, worthless software that slows your PC down - Get your network running faster and more reliably - Surf the Web more quickly and safely - Improve performance and battery life on notebooks and netbooks - Get more security with fewer annoyances - Discover great free and cheap alternatives to Microsoft's built-in software - Fix Windows 7's most aggravating problems - And much more... Michael Miller has written more than 100 non-fiction how-to books over the past 20 years, including Que's Absolute Beginner's Guide to Computer Basics, Speed It Up! A Non-Technical Guide for Speeding Up Slow Computers, and How Microsoft Windows Vista Works. His books have sold more than 1 million copies worldwide. He has earned a reputation for clearly explaining technical topics to non-technical readers and for offering useful real-world advice about complex topics.
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Table of contents

I

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1

I PERSONALIZING WINDOWS-YOUR WAY

1 Configuring Basic Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Using the Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5

How the Control Panel Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5

Configuring the Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8

Understanding the Configuration Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9

Configuring the Control Panel Start Menu Display . . . . . .12

Other Ways to Configure Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13

Right-Click Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13

Windows Registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15

Changing Your PC's Time and Date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16

Displaying the Date and Time Dialog Box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16

Changing Date and Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17

Changing Time Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

Displaying Additional Clocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

Synchronizing Time Over the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

Changing Your Computer's Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23

2 Setting Default Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

Changing Default Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25

Behind the Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25

What You Can Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26

Changing the Defaults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27

Changing File Type Defaults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29

Assigning File Types to an Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30

Assigning an Application to a File Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30

Downloading New Applications from Windows

Live Essentials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32

What's Not There Anymore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33

Downloading Windows Live Essentials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33

Configuring AutoPlay Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37

3 Customizing the Desktop. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

Changing Desktop Themes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39

Choosing an Existing Theme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40

Finding New Themes Online . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41

Finding Windows 7's Hidden Themes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42

Creating a New Theme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43

Changing the Desktop Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43

Choosing a Static Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43

Creating a Background Slideshow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47

Changing the Color Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48

Changing Display Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49

Changing Font and Window Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50

Changing Cursor Schemes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51

Organizing the Desktop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53

Creating New Shortcuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53

Changing the Name of a Shortcut . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54

Changing the Icon Image . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54

Arranging Icons on the Desktop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55

Using Gadgets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56

Adding New Gadgets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57

Finding More Gadgets Online . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57

Configuring Gadgets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58

Using Non-Microsoft Gadgets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59

Applying a Screen Saver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60

Calibrating Your Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61

Changing System Sounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64

Choosing a Sound Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64

Using Your Own Sounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65

4 Customizing the Taskbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67

What's New About the Windows 7 Taskbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67

Using the Windows 7 Taskbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68

Understanding Taskbar Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68

Viewing Taskbar Thumbnails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69

Using Jump Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69

Personalizing the Taskbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70

Moving the Taskbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71

Hiding the Taskbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72

Changing the Way Icons Are Displayed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .72

Adding Icons to the Taskbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73

Rearranging Taskbar Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74

Changing the Number of Items in Jump Lists . . . . . . . . . . . . .74

Resizing the Taskbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74

Revisiting the Notification Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .75

Viewing Hidden Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76

Displaying Different Icons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76

Peeking at the Desktop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78

5 Customizing the Start Menu. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

Understanding the Start Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79

Customizing the Right Pane of the Start Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80

Further Customizing the Start Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83

Pinning and Unpinning Items To and From the Start Menu's Left Pane . . . . . .84

Displaying Fewer Programs on the Start Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85

Clear Recently Opened Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85

Changing What the Power Button Does . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86

Advanced Customizing with the Group Policy Editor . . . . . . .87

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91

II MANAGING WINDOWS DATA AND MEDIA-YOUR WAY

6 Customizing Windows Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93

Understanding Windows Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93

Displaying-or Hiding-Different Panes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97

Displaying the Menu Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98

Changing Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .98

Arranging and Sorting Files and Folders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103

Arranging Folder Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .103

Sorting Folder Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105

Displaying More Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106

Customizing the Navigation Pane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107

Displaying More Folders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107

Adding Items to the Favorites Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108

Adding Items to the New Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110

7 Extending File and Folder Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111

Viewing File Extensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111

Viewing Hidden and System Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .112

Changing Other Advanced Folder Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .113

Configuring File Search . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115

Creating Libraries of Virtual Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117

Understanding Libraries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .117

Creating a New Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .118

Single-Clicking Versus Double-Clicking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .120

Stop Delete Confirmations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .122

8 Managing Media Storage and Playback. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123

Working with Media Libraries and Folders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .123

Adding More Folders to a Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .124

Changing the Default Folder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125

Managing the Pictures Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .125

Previewing Pictures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126

Managing Photo Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126

Understanding Other Picture Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .129

Organizing and Editing Your Pictures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130

Managing the Videos Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131

Playing Videos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132

Managing Video Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .132

Managing the Music Library . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133

Changing Album Artwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133

Managing Music Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .135

Choosing Music File Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137

How Digital Sampling Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137

Lossy Compressed Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .137

Lossless Compressed Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .139

Non-Compressed Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .140

Choosing the Right Bit Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141

Which File Format Should You Use? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141

Dealing with DRM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .143

Customizing Windows Media Player . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .144

Customizing the Full Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .144

Switching to Now Playing Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .144

Changing Skins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .145

Viewing Visualizations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .147

Searching for Media Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .148

Adding or Changing Album Art . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .150

Setting the Audio File Format and Bit Rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . .151

Change the Location for Ripped Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152

Playing DVDs and Videos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152

Enhancing Audio and Video Playback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .153

Adding More Functionality with Plug-Ins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .154

Switching to Another Media Player Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .155

9 Extending Windows Media. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157

Using Windows Media Center in the Living Room . . . . . . . . . .157

Configuring a Living Room System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157

Getting to Know the 10-Foot Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .158

Operating Media Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .159

Navigating the Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .161

Connecting Your Computer in the Living Room . . . . . . . .164

Starting Media Center Automatically When You Turn

On Your PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166

Configuring Other Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .168

Configuring the Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .169

Configuring Audio Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .171

Changing Media Center's Color Scheme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .172

Configuring Slideshow Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .172

Customizing the Music Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174

Starting Media Center Your Way . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .177

Finding and Using Other Media Center Applications . .178

Configuring a Whole House Audio/Video System . . . . . . . . . .179

Understanding Media Center Extenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .179

Different Types of Extenders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .180

Connecting Your System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .181

Using a Media Center Extender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182

Accessing Your Media from Other Computers-At Home or Away . . .183

Sharing Media on Your Local Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .183

Sharing Media Over the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186

Playing to Other Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .188

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .189

III MANAGING WINDOWS USERS AND THE NETWORK-YOUR WAY

10 Managing User Accounts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191

Adding New Users to Your PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .191

Different Types of Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192

Creating a New Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192

Adding a Password to an Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .194

Changing Account Details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195

Changing Your Account Picture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .195

Changing Your Account Picture-To Your Own

Picture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197

Changing Your Account Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .197

Changing Your Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .198

Changing and Deleting Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .199

Changing an Account Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .199

Deleting an Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200

Disabling-Not Deleting-An Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200

Managing Parental Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .202

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204

11 Configuring User Account Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205

Understanding User Account Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205

How UAC Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205

Unintended Consequences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .206

UAC in Windows 7: New and Improved . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .207

Changing User Account Control Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .208

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .209

12 Managing Network Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211

Configuring Windows for Network Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .211

Configuring a Network Workgroup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .212

Adding Your Computer to a HomeGroup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .215

Managing Your Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .216

Viewing a Larger Network Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .216

Changing the Type of Network Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .217

Configuring Network Sharing and Discovery . . . . . . . . . . . .218

Managing Network Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .219

Changing IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .221

Managing Wireless Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .224

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .225

13 Sharing Files, Folders, and Devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227

Configuring File Sharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .227

How File Sharing Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .227

Taking Precautions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .228

Enabling File and Printer Sharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .228

Sharing Files and Folders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .230

Sharing the Public Folder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .230

Sharing Other Folders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .230

Sharing Complete Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .231

Sharing Files from Other Computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .233

Accessing Other Computers on Your Network . . . . . . . . . .233

Creating a Shortcut to a Shared Folder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .235

Installing a Network Printer on Other PCs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .236

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .238

IV OPTIMIZING WINDOWS ONLINE-YOUR WAY

14 Configuring and Customizing Internet Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239

Personalizing Internet Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .239

Customizing the Command Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .239

Displaying Other Toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .241

Adding Links to the Favorites Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .242

Adding a Menu Bar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .243

Moving the Toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .243

Displaying the Browser Full Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .244

Playing with Tabs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .244

Creating a Home Page Tab Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .245

Bookmarking Favorite Pages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .246

Displaying Explorer Bars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .247

Making Text and Pages Bigger-And Smaller . . . . . . . . . . .248

Changing the Search Provider . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .249

Configuring Internet Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .251

General Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .251

Security Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .252

Privacy Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .252

Content Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .252

Connections Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .254

Programs Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .254

Advanced Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .254

Working with Browser Add-Ons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .260

Working with Suggested Sites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .261

Working with Accelerators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .261

Using an Accelerator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .262

Managing Accelerators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .262

Working with Web Slices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .263

Working with Compatibility View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .264

Changing Web Browsers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .265

Evaluating the Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .265

Making the Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .266

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .267

15 Speeding Up the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269

Things That Slow Down Web Browsing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .269

Understanding Connection Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .269

Understanding Browser Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .271

Managing Your Cache . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .272

Clearing Your Cache . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .272

Clearing Your Cache Automatically . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .273

Changing the Size of Your Cache . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .274

Dealing with Cookies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .275

Deleting Cookies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .275

Avoiding Cookies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .276

Reconfiguring Other Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .276

Don't Display Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .276

Disable ClearType . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .277

Turn Off the SmartScreen Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .277

Disable RSS Feeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .278

Uninstalling Unnecessary Add-Ons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .279

Removing Third-Party Toolbars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .279

Removing the SSVHelper Class Add-On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .280

Removing Other Add-Ons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .280

Browsing Faster with an Alternate DNS Service . . . . . . . . . . . . .281

What Is a DNS Server-And How Does It Affect Connection Speed? . . .281

Choosing a Third-Party DNS Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .282

Configuring Your System for an Alternate DNS Service . . . . . . .. .282

Increasing the Size of Your DNS Cache . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .284

Enabling More Simultaneous Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .286

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .287

16 Surfing Securely-And Secretly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289

Protecting Against Offending Pages with the Content Advisor . . . . .289

Managing Cookies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .291

Understanding Cookies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .292

Adjusting the Privacy Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .292

Deleting All Cookies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .294

Managing Security Zones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .295

Protecting Against Phishing Scams with the SmartScreen Filter . . 297

How Phishing Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .297

Using the SmartScreen Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .298

Blocking Unwanted Pop-Ups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .299

Understanding the Pop-Up Blocker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .299

Enabling Pop-Up Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .299

Surfing Secretly with InPrivate Browsing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .301

Practicing Safe Computing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .302

Don't Open Email Attachments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .302

Don't Open Files Sent via Instant Messaging . . . . . . . . . . . .303

Don't Click IM or Chat Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .303

Don't Execute Files Found in Blogs, Newsgroups, or Message Boards . . . .304

Don't Download Files from Suspect Websites . . . . . . . . . . .304

Limit Your Sharing of Removable Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .304

Display and Check File Extensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .305

Avoiding Malware-Infested Websites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .307

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .308

V USING WINDOWS ON THE ROAD-YOUR WAY

17 Getting the Most Out of Windows on a Notebook PC. . . . . . . 309

Managing Notebook Settings with the Mobility Center . . .309

Adjusting Brightness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .311

Adjusting Volume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .311

Managing Battery Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .311

Managing Wireless Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .311

Connecting an External Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .312

Managing Sync Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .312

Activating Presentation Settings Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .312

Using an External Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .313

Presenting from Your Notebook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .314

Choosing a Video Projector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .314

Making the Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .314

Switching to External Video . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .315

Setting the Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .315

Exploring Gadgets for Notebook Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .316

Using Your Notebook to Control Your Office PC from the Road . . . 317

Configuring Your Desktop PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .318

Connecting from Your Notebook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .319

Touchpad Tricks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .320

Configuring Double-Click Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .320

Configuring Cursor Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .321

Configuring Touchpad Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .322

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .324

18 Extending Battery Life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325

Understanding Battery Capacity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .325

Running on Battery Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .326

Configuring Windows 7's Power Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .327

Choosing a Power Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .328

Customizing a Power Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .329

Changing Advanced Plan Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .331

Tips for Extending Battery Life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .332

Recalibrating Lithium Ion Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .334

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .334

VI OPTIMIZING WINDOWS PERFORMANCE-YOUR WAY

19 Backing Up and Restoring Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 335

Backing Up Your Files with Windows Backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .335

Choosing a Backup Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .336

Configuring an Automatic Backup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .336

Choosing What to Back Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .338

Choosing When to Back Up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .339

Backing Up Your Entire Hard Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .340

Restoring Backed Up Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .341

Restoring System Files with System Restore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .342

Creating a System Repair Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .343

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .345

20 Managing System Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 347

Understanding Computer Threats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .347

Understanding Computer Viruses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .347

Understanding Spyware and Adware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .349

Understanding Computer Attacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .351

Understanding Phishing Scams and Identity Theft . . . . .351

Using the Windows 7 Action Center . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .353

Defending Against Attacks with the Windows Firewall . . . .355

Allow a Program or Feature Through Windows Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . .356

Change Notification Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .357

Turn Windows Firewall On or Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .357

Restore Defaults . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .358

Advanced Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .358

Defending Against Spyware with Windows Defender . . . . .360

Scanning for Spyware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .360

Configuring Windows Defender . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .361

Understanding Scan Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .362

Dealing with Spyware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .363

Additional Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .363

Defending Against Malware with Microsoft Security Essentials . . . . 363

Downloading and Installing MSE-For Free . . . . . . . . . . . . .364

How MSE Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .364

Using MSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .365

Setting Up Automatic Scanning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .366

Determining Default Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .368

Excluding Locations, File Types, and Processes . . . . . . . . . .370

Configuring Advanced Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .371

Participating in Microsoft SpyNet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .373

Updating MSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .374

Understanding Scan Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .375

Performing a Manual Scan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .376

Scanning from Windows Explorer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .376

Alerting You to the Threat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .377

Choosing the Right Action . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .378

Viewing Your Scanning History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .380

Restoring and Removing Quarantined Items . . . . . . . . . . . .381

Removing Previously Allowed Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .381

Protecting Your Wireless Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .382

How to Protect Your Wireless Network from Unwanted Intrusion . . 382

Understanding Wireless Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .383

Enabling Wireless Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .384

Protecting Your Network's SSID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .385

Disabling SSID Broadcasting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .386

Using Third-Party Security Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .386

Using Third-Party Firewall Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .386

Using Anti-Virus Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .387

Using Anti-Spyware Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .388

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .389

21 Managing Printers, Devices, and Drivers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 391

Installing and Managing Printers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .391

Connecting a Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .391

Installing a New Printer from Within Windows . . . . . . . . . .392

Enabling Printer (and File) Sharing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .393

Installing a Network Printer on Other PCs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .394

Managing Printers and Other Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .394

Getting to Know the Devices and Printers Window . . . .394

Configuring Printer Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .396

Setting Your Default Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .396

Configuring Other Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .397

Working with Device Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .397

Installing Device Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .398

Updating Device Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .398

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .400

22 Running Problem Programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 401

Running Programs as an Administrator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .401

Running as an Administrator-Once . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .402

Always Running as an Administrator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .402

Running Programs in Compatibility Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .403

Configuring Compatibility Mode Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . .404

Configuring Other Program Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .405

Running Older Programs in XP Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .406

Checking Compatibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .407

Enabling Hardware Virtualization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .407

Downloading and Installing Windows XP Mode . . . . . . . .408

Running Windows XP Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .408

Installing an Application in XP Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .410

Running an XP Application in Seamless Mode . . . . . . . . . .410

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .411

23 Removing Unnecessary Files and Programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 413

Hard Disk Capacity-Enough Is Never Enough . . . . . . . . . . . . .413

Why a Crowded Hard Disk Slows Down Your System . . . . . .414

How Much Free Space Do You Need? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .415

What's on Your Hard Disk-And Why? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .415

Understanding Computer Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .415

Understanding Bundleware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .416

Freeing Up Hard Disk Space by Deleting Bundleware . . . . .417

Deleting Unwanted Files with the Disk Cleanup Utility . . . . .18

Emptying the Recycle Bin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .420

Archiving Little-Used Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .421

Uninstalling Unwanted Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .421

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .422

24 Removing Auto-Loading Programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423

Too Many Running Programs Slows Things Down . . . . . . . . . .423

Discovering Programs That Load Automatically-Without Your Awareness . . .424

What Kinds of Programs Load Automatically? . . . . . . . . . . .425

Which Startup Programs Can Be Deleted? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .426

Deleting Auto-Loading Programs from the Startup Folder . . . . . . . . . .427

Deleting Auto-Loading Programs from the Windows Registry . . . . .428

Deleting Auto-Loading Programs with the

System Configuration Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .429

Deleting Auto-Loading Programs with Autoruns . . . . . . . . . . .430

Turning Windows Features Off (or Back On) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .431

Features You Might Not Need . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .432

Disabling Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .433

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .434

25 Managing Disks and Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435

Defragmenting Your Hard Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .435

Understanding Disk Fragmentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .436

How Disk Defragmenting Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .436

Setting a Defrag Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .437

Analyzing Your Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .438

Manually Defragmenting Your Hard Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .439

Scanning Your Hard Disk for Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .439

How ScanDisk Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .440

Using ScanDisk to Speed Up Your PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .440

Adding More Hard Disk Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .441

Viewing the Capacity of Your Hard Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .441

Shopping for a New Hard Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .443

Connecting a New External Hard Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .444

Taking Full Advantage of an External Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . .445

Boosting System Memory with ReadyBoost . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .445

How ReadyBoost Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .446

Speeding Up Your PC with ReadyBoost . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .446

Adding More System Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .448

Adding Memory to a Desktop PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .449

Adding More Memory to a Notebook PC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .451

Shopping for Computer Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .452

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .452

26 Using Third-Party Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 453

Using PC Tune-Up Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .453

Using Defragmenter Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .454

Using File Cleanup Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .454

Using Startup Optimization Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .455

Using Browser Optimization Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .455

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .455

27 Tweaking the Windows Registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 457

Understanding the Windows Registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .457

How the Registry Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .458

Organizing the Registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .458

Editing the Registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .459

Launching the Registry Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .459

Editing and Adding Keys, Subkeys, and Values . . . . . . . . . .460

Editing the Registry to Speed Up Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .461

Speeding Up Windows'Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .461

Disabling Low Disk Checking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .462

Moving the Windows Kernel into Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .462

Cleaning Up the Registry for Faster Performance . . . . . . . . . . .463

How the Registry Affects Your PC's Performance . . . . . . .463

How Registry Cleaners Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .463

Choosing a Registry Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .464

Using a Registry Cleaner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .465

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .466

28 Troubleshooting Windows Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467

How to Troubleshoot Computer Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .467

Starting Windows in Safe Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .468

Hijacking Your Computer at Startup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .468

Launching Safe Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .469

Starting Windows from the System Repair Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . .470

Diagnosing Startup Problems with the System Configuration Utility . . . .471

Using the Task Manager to Deal with Program Freezes . . .473

Fixing Driver Problems with the Device Manager . . . . . . . . . .474

Displaying Device Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .474

Solving Conflicts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .475

Updating Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .476

Fixing Big Problems with System Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .476

The Bottom Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .476

TOC, 9780789742865, 11/11/09
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About Michael R. Miller

Michael Miller has written more than 90 non-fiction how-to books over the past two decades; his books have collectively sold more than one million copies worldwide. He has written many books about the Windows operating system, dating from Using Windows 95 (written in 1995). His more recent books include Que's Absolute Beginner's Guide to Computer Basics, Easy Computer Basics, Your First Notebook PC, Speed It Up! A Non-Technical Guide for Speeding Up Slow Computers, Wireless Networking with Microsoft Windows Vista, and How Microsoft Windows Vista Works.



Mr. Miller has established a reputation for clearly explaining technical topics to non-technical readers and for offering useful real-world advice about complicated topics.
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