Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences

Method and Appraisal in the Physical Sciences : The Critical Background to Modern Science, 1800-1905

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First published in 1976, this is a volume of studies on the problems of theory-appraisal in the physical sciences - how and why important theories are developed, changed and are replaced, and by what criteria we judge one theory an advance on another. The volume is introduced by a classic paper of Imre Lakatos's, which sets out a theory for tackling these problems - the methodology of scientific research programmes. Five contributors then test this theory against particular and celebrated case-studies in the history of the physical sciences (particularly in the nineteenth century). The volume ends with a characteristically forceful and original critique of the whole enterprise by Paul Feyerabend. the book is a companion volume to Method and Appraisal in Economics. Both are natural sequels to Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge and attempt to work out in particular cases the implications of some of the theories presented in that book.show more

Product details

  • Electronic book text
  • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
  • Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • 1139244701
  • 9781139244701

Table of contents

Preface C. Howson; 2. History of science and its rational reconstructions Imre Lakatos; 3. Atomism versus thermodynamics Peter Clark; 3. Thomas Young and the 'refutation' of Newtonian optics: a case study in the interaction of philosophy of science and history of science John Worrall; 4. Why did oxygen supplant phlogiston? Research programmes in the Chemical Revolution Alan Musgrave; 5. Why did Einstein's programme supersede Lorentz's? Elie Zahar; 6. The rejection of Avogadro's hypotheses Martin Fricke; 7. On the critique of reason Paul Feyerabend; Index.show more

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