Merchants, Pirates, and Smugglers

Merchants, Pirates, and Smugglers : Criminalization, Economics, and the Transformation of the Maritime World (1200-1600)

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Maritime history tends to draw stark lines between legal and illegal trading practices, with the naval and commercial vessels of sovereign states on one side and rogue pirates and smugglers on the other. This book reveals how, in the centuries before the emergence of the nation-state, maritime societies were shaped equally by both sanctioned and illicit trade--and that the line between the two was much less defined than it is now. The kind of high-seas activity now called piracy was often viewed in the early modern period as, at worst, a disruption of established distribution channels, but just often, it was viewed as simply another legitimate economic stream. Depending on one's perspective, the same person could be seen as a bandit or an entrepreneur. Merchants, Pirates, and Smugglers tells the story of how these individuals came to be labelled as criminals as a way to enforce the codified economic and political positions that arose from sustained European state-building between the thirteenth and seventeenth centuries.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 431 pages
  • 28 x 213 x 10mm | 522g
  • Frankfurt, Germany
  • English
  • 3593509792
  • 9783593509792
  • 1,571,478

Table of contents

Thomas Heebøll-Holm, Philipp Höhn, and Gregor Rohmann
I. Between Criminalization and Compromise:
Dealing with Maritime Violence in Medieval Legal Pluralism
Piracy, Patriotism, and Profit in England around 140033
Thomas Heebøll-Holm
The Family Business: Royal Embargo and the Smugglers, Captains, and Councilors of Barcelona's Marquet Family57
Marie Kelleher
Popes and Pirates: Vatican Sources Regarding Violence at Sea
(12th-15th Centuries)75
Tobias Daniels
Cargoes, Courts, and Compromise: The Management of Maritime
Plunder in the Burgundian Low Countries107
Bart Lambert
II. Islands, Ports, and Markets: Connectivity and Marginalization in the Maritime World
Pirate Places, Merchant Spaces? Distribution and Criminalization in the Late Medieval Baltic Sea127
Philipp Höhn
Conceptualizing Danish "Piracy", c.1460-1525: A Criminalized
Economy or a Circular Exchange of Goods, Money, and People?145
Frederik Lynge Vognsen
Pirates on the Coast: Littoral Expansion and Maritime Predation
in Liguria and Dalmatia, 1300-1600165
Emily Sohmer Tai
Islands and Maritime Conflicts: Gotland around 1500189
Michael Meichsner
The Making of Connectivity: How Hamburg Tried
to Gain Control over the Elbe River (13th-16th Centuries)207
Gregor Rohmann
III. Enforcing Markets, Economics of Violence, and the Formation of Power
Maritime Violence between Legitimising Discourses, Politics, and Economic Interests: Genoa's Conquest of Chios and Phocaea247
Christoph Dartmann
The Venetian Coast Guards: Staple Policy, Seaborne Law
Enforcement, and State Formation in the 14th Century.269
Georg Christ
"To Make Good Peace or Total War": Trade, Piracy, and the Construction
of Portugal's Maritime State in the Later Middle Ages (1350-1550)297
Flavio Miranda & Amândio Barros
From the Baltic to the North Sea: Gda?sk City Councillor Bernd
Pawest's Maritime Service in 1471-72313
Beata Mo?ejko
Policing the Sea: Enforcing the Papal Embargo on Trade
with "Infidels"329
Mike Carr
Henning II of Putbus, "Piracy", the Øresund-fortresses, and
the Right of Salvage. 343
Alexander Krey
Works Cited371
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Review Text

"Der Band demonstriert überzeugend, dass sich beide Transformationen besser verstehen lassen, wenn man die Geschichte des Umgangs mit Gewalt auf See in den Blick nimmt, und wie umgekehrt dieser Blick zu einem besseren Verständnis von Staatsbildung und ökonomischer Hegemonie beiträgt." Tillmann Lohse, H-Soz-Kult, 29.05.2019
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About Thomas Heeboll-Holm

Thomas Heeboll-Holm is associate professor in the Department of History at the University of Southern Denmark. Philipp Hoehn is a research fellow at Goethe University, Frankfurt. Gregor Rohmann is associate professor at the Historisches Seminar at Goethe University, Frankfurt.
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