Mental Work and Fatique and Individual Differences and Their Causes

Mental Work and Fatique and Individual Differences and Their Causes

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1921 edition. Excerpt: ...sure and important differences between the mental and moral activities of boys and girls. Since these differences in instinctive equipment are true causes it seems wise not to invoke other less probable traits to account for any fact which these seem fairly adequate to explain. For instance, if the intellectual achievement of men was found to be superior to that of women we could explain it either by the indirect effect of physical strength and bodily fitness or by an actual difference in intellect or by the zeal and activity due to the fighting instinct. Our rule would be to exhaust first the influence of the known physical differences and second the influence of the instinct in question. Only if these were inadequate should we resort to the hypothetical cause of differences in purely intellectual caliber. Havelock Ellis '94, '04 chooses as general sex differences the less variability and the greater affectability and primitiveness of the female mind. The first point has been discussed fully. By affectability he means not only greater impressibility by and responsiveness to stimuli of all sorts, but also less inhibition of the emotions and other instinctive reactions. The fact seems indubitable though its exact amount can not be even roughly estimated. Not only the superiority in tests of perceptual power and the greater suggestibility which we have noted, but also the relative frequency of dreams, trance states and emotional outbreaks and the common differences between our treatment of the men and of the women with whom we are associated, witness to it. In his evidence for the discussions of the primitive nature of women Mr. Ellis seems to have physique in view primarily. How far women resemble uncivilized races and children in mental...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 116 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 6mm | 222g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236836227
  • 9781236836229